Sheet music is a handwritten or printed form of musical notation that uses musical symbols to indicate the pitches, rhythms, or chords of a song or instrumental musical piece. Like its analogs – printed books or pamphlets in English, Arabic, or other languages – the medium of sheet music typically is paper (or, in earlier centuries, papyrus or parchment), although the access to musical notation since the 1980s has included the presentation of musical notation on computer screens and the development of scorewriter computer programs that can notate a song or piece electronically, and, in some cases, "play back" the notated music using a synthesizer or virtual instruments.

Use of the term "sheet" is intended to differentiate written or printed forms of music from sound recordings (on vinyl record, cassette, CD), radio or TV broadcasts or recorded live performances, which may capture film or video footage of the performance as well as the audio component. In everyday use, "sheet music" (or simply "music") can refer to the print publication of commercial sheet music in conjunction with the release of a new film, TV show, record album, or other special or popular event which involves music. The first printed sheet music made with a printing press was made in 1473.

Sheet music is the basic form in which Western classical music is notated so that it can be learned and performed by solo singers or instrumentalists or musical ensembles. Many forms of traditional and popular Western music are commonly learned by singers and musicians "by ear", rather than by using sheet music (although in many cases, traditional and pop music may also be available in sheet music form).

The term score is a common alternative (and more generic) term for sheet music, and there are several types of scores, as discussed below. The term score can also refer to theatre music, orchestral music or songs written for a play, musical, opera or ballet, or to music or songs written for a television programme or film; for the last of these, see Film score.

Sheet music Media

435,482 media by topicpage 1 of 4355
Monks singing from BL YT 43, f. 100

Monks singing from BL YT 43, f. 100

Detail of an historiated initial 'C'(antate) of monks singing. Image taken from f. 100 of Psalter and Book of Hours, Use of Saint-Omer. Written in Latin.

The Painter Theodoor Rombouts and his Wife with Sheet Music and a Lute

The Painter Theodoor Rombouts and his Wife with Sheet Music and a Lute

De schilder Theodoor Rombouts en zijn vrouw zingen uit liedboekjes bij een tafel waarop bladmuziek ligt en een luit. Onder de voorstelling staat een regel tekst in Latijn.

The duet. The painter Theodor Rombouts and his wife.
Chris and the Wonderful Lamp
Haklvytvs posthumus, or, Pvrchas his Pilgrimes : contayning a history of the world, in sea voyages, & lande-trauells /
Still Life with Books, Sheet Music, Violin, Celestial Globe and an Owl

Still Life with Books, Sheet Music, Violin, Celestial Globe and an Owl

Deel van negendelige kamerbeschildering voor Het Hoogerhuis te Randenbroek bij Amersfoort, het buitenhuis van Jacob van Campen.

The Genius of Castiglione. Rembrandt van Rijn
[Peasants dancing]
Few happy matches. By Isaac Watts, D.D. August, 1701
Concerto, written on 10 leaves: Parts for 1st and 2nd violin, viola, cello, flute, and cembalo
Mr Lawrence Sweeny, Esq; Vehicle general of news, and grand spouter of politics, to his humble petitioners, this New-Year's morning, one o'clock, P. M. 1769
Every inch a sailor. Sold by J. Pitts. Great St., Andrew St
Le chant du depart. Hymne de guerre [Juillet 1794] par Marie-Joseph de Chenier. H. De Marsan, Publisher, 54 Chatham Street, N. Y
Lamentation for Gen. Washington, Commander in Chief of the combined forces of America and France, during the Revolutionary war, and afterwards President of the United States. Died December 14, 1799. Sold by L. Deming,wholesale and retail, No. 62 Hanover Street, 2d door from Friend Street, Boston
Cup with sheet music with lyrics

Cup with sheet music with lyrics

Kop van porselein met een cilindrische wand en C-vormig oor, beschilderd op het glazuur met zwart en goud. Op de buitenwand een vak gevormd door gouden banden met daarin bladmuziek en de tekst 'Viens aurore, je... More

Removal of Napoleon's ashes. Song sheet
The exhumation of the Emperor Napoleon. Julia E. Sioussa
Ornamental Panel with Flaming Lamps and Sheet Music
Fire on the Mountain [music transcription]

Fire on the Mountain [music transcription]

Meter: 4/4 Transcribed by Alan Jabbour, from a performance by Henry Reed. Key: A Strains: 2 (high-low, 4-2) Compass: 9 Rendition: 1r-2r-1r-2r-1r-2r Title change: This tune is transcribed after the continuation ... More

The Girl I Left behind Me [music transcription]

The Girl I Left behind Me [music transcription]

Meter: 4/4 Strains: 2 (high-low, 4-4) Transcribed by Alan Jabbour, from a performance by Henry Reed. Key: G Title change: This tune is transcribed after the continuation of "Natchez [Christmas Morning]" and "F... More

Sheet Music - Pierre Nolasque Bergeret
Cup with a lady holding a tambourine and sheet music with lyrics

Cup with a lady holding a tambourine and sheet music with lyrics

Kop van porselein met een cilindrische wand, iets spreidende voet en rand en een gekruld oor eindigend in een vogelkop. Beschilderd op het glazuur in zwart en goud. Op de buitenwand een vak met een dame die een... More

Pieter de Goeje - Still-life with Violin, Bow and Sheet Music
On Washington's birthday, and the restoration of peace. February 22, 1815. Tune. "Ye Mariners of England." Wm. D. Allen & Co., Printers, Newburyport, [1815?]
The  Jager's adieu
The cruel fishing trip. Tune: O! cruel, &c. May 1, 1821
There is an hour of peaceful rest

There is an hour of peaceful rest

composer handwritten on title pg - "Heinrich, A. P.?" From: Music Copyright Deposits, 1820-1860 (Microfilm M 3106) Also available through the Library of Congress Web Site as facsimile page images. (additional p... More

Oft in the stilly night arranged for the Spanish guitar by B.F. Peale

Oft in the stilly night arranged for the Spanish guitar by B.F. Peale

Print shows sheet music with musical notation and words, including the second verse, to the song "Oft in the stilly night arranged for the Spanish guitar, by B.F. Peale." Title from item. Publication date based... More

What is home without a mother. By Alice Hawthorne
Yes, I would the war were over, words and music by Alice Hawthorne
Yes, I would the war were over, words and music by Alice Hawthorne
Listen to the mocking bird. By Alice Hawthorne. Andrews, Printer, 38 Chatham Street, N. Y
Yes, I would the the war were over. Answer to "When this cruel war is over." Words and music by Alice Hawthorne ... Johnson, Song Publisher, Phila
Bid me good bye, or, the Soldier's farewell. By Alice Hawthorne. J. H. Johnson, Song Publisher, No. 7 N. Tenth Street, Phila
What is home without a mother. By Alice Hawthorne. H. De Marsan, Publisher, 54 Chatham Street, N. Y
Bid me good bye, or, the Soldier's farewell. By Alice Hawthorne. J. H. Johnson, No 7 N. Tenth Street, Phila
Concert of sacred music, Northhampton, Wednesday evening, Oct. 28, 1829
The warrior sage. Air --- Of a' the airts. Philadelphia, March 30, 1830
Henry Clay's quick step
Grand pot pouri brillant

Grand pot pouri brillant

cover only From: Music Copyright Deposits, 1820-1860 (Microfilm M 3106) Also available through the Library of Congress Web Site as facsimile page images. (additional physical form) In bound volumes: Copyright D... More

L'hymne des marseillois

L'hymne des marseillois

cover only From: Music Copyright Deposits, 1820-1860 (Microfilm M 3106) Also available through the Library of Congress Web Site as facsimile page images. (additional physical form) In bound volumes: Copyright D... More

I love the night

I love the night

From: Music Copyright Deposits, 1820-1860 (Microfilm M 3106) Also available through the Library of Congress Web Site as facsimile page images. (additional physical form) In bound volumes: Copyright Deposits 1820-1860

Quick step

Quick step

From: Music Copyright Deposits, 1820-1860 (Microfilm M 3106) Also available through the Library of Congress Web Site as facsimile page images. (additional physical form) In bound volumes: Copyright Deposits 1820-1860

Cincinnati march

Cincinnati march

From: Music Copyright Deposits, 1820-1860 (Microfilm M 3106) Also available through the Library of Congress Web Site as facsimile page images. (additional physical form) In bound volumes: Copyright Deposits 1820-1860

The puzzle waltz

The puzzle waltz

From: Music Copyright Deposits, 1820-1860 (Microfilm M 3106) Also available through the Library of Congress Web Site as facsimile page images. (additional physical form) In bound volumes: Copyright Deposits 1820-1860

Vienna waltz

Vienna waltz

From: Music Copyright Deposits, 1820-1860 (Microfilm M 3106) Also available through the Library of Congress Web Site as facsimile page images. (additional physical form) In bound volumes: Copyright Deposits 1820-1860

National temperance ode. Air- America
The  fairy waltz

The fairy waltz

From: Music Copyright Deposits, 1820-1860 (Microfilm M 3106) Also available through the Library of Congress Web Site as facsimile page images. (additional physical form) In bound volumes: Copyright Deposits 1820-1860

Virginia cotillion

Virginia cotillion

From: Music Copyright Deposits, 1820-1860 (Microfilm M 3106) Also available through the Library of Congress Web Site as facsimile page images. (additional physical form) In bound volumes: Copyright Deposits 1820-1860

Jonathan's independence. Tune--Yankee Doodle
Virginia quick march
Cremona waltz

Cremona waltz

From: Music Copyright Deposits, 1820-1860 (Microfilm M 3106) Also available through the Library of Congress Web Site as facsimile page images. (additional physical form) In bound volumes: Copyright Deposits 1820-1860

There's nothing like truth. Printed by George Warren, (aged 12 years) with Josiah Warren's Amateur Printing Apparatus. 1839
La  Norma waltz

La Norma waltz

From: Music Copyright Deposits, 1820-1860 (Microfilm M 3106) Also available through the Library of Congress Web Site as facsimile page images. (additional physical form) In bound volumes: Copyright Deposits 1820-1860

A Swiss waltz

A Swiss waltz

From: Music Copyright Deposits, 1820-1860 (Microfilm M 3106) Also available through the Library of Congress Web Site as facsimile page images. (additional physical form) In bound volumes: Copyright Deposits 1820-1860

Liverpool (Eng.) theatres programs and ephemera, 1839-1850
Log cabin march and quick step
Elohssa waltz

Elohssa waltz

From: Music Copyright Deposits, 1820-1860 (Microfilm M 3106) Also available through the Library of Congress Web Site as facsimile page images. (additional physical form) In bound volumes: Copyright Deposits 1820-1860

The old hero's quick step

The old hero's quick step

From: Music Copyright Deposits, 1820-1860 (Microfilm M 3106) Also available through the Library of Congress Web Site as facsimile page images. (additional physical form) In bound volumes: Copyright Deposits 1820-1860

La tarentule as danced by Madlle. Fanny Elssler. arranged by Ch. Zuener. 2nd edition. [Lithograph] Thos. Sinclair's lith.
Faut l'ourlier, romance

Faut l'ourlier, romance

title pg only From: Music Copyright Deposits, 1820-1860 (Microfilm M 3106) Also available through the Library of Congress Web Site as facsimile page images. (additional physical form) In bound volumes: Copyrigh... More

President Harrison's inauguration march

President Harrison's inauguration march

From: Music Copyright Deposits, 1820-1860 (Microfilm M 3106) Also available through the Library of Congress Web Site as facsimile page images. (additional physical form) In bound volumes: Copyright Deposits 1820-1860

Madlle. Fanny Elssler in La tarentule
Ohio waltz

Ohio waltz

From: Music Copyright Deposits, 1820-1860 (Microfilm M 3106) Also available through the Library of Congress Web Site as facsimile page images. (additional physical form) In bound volumes: Copyright Deposits 1820-1860

London pride

London pride

From: Music Copyright Deposits, 1820-1860 (Microfilm M 3106) Also available through the Library of Congress Web Site as facsimile page images. (additional physical form) In bound volumes: Copyright Deposits 1820-1860

Melle Fanny Elssler's quadrilles. arranged for the piano forte by Ch. Jarvis. E. J. P. [artist]. P. S. Duval Lith.
Indiana waltz

Indiana waltz

From: Music Copyright Deposits, 1820-1860 (Microfilm M 3106) Also available through the Library of Congress Web Site as facsimile page images. (additional physical form) In bound volumes: Copyright Deposits 1820-1860

Military waltz

Military waltz

From: Music Copyright Deposits, 1820-1860 (Microfilm M 3106) Also available through the Library of Congress Web Site as facsimile page images. (additional physical form) In bound volumes: Copyright Deposits 1820-1860

We were boys together, a ballad

We were boys together, a ballad

cover only From: Music Copyright Deposits, 1820-1860 (Microfilm M 3106) Also available through the Library of Congress Web Site as facsimile page images. (additional physical form) In bound volumes: Copyright D... More

Trumpet waltz

Trumpet waltz

From: Music Copyright Deposits, 1820-1860 (Microfilm M 3106) Also available through the Library of Congress Web Site as facsimile page images. (additional physical form) In bound volumes: Copyright Deposits 1820-1860

Danse cosaque...Mademoiselle Fanny Elssler. [Lithograph] on stone by A. Newsam. P. S. Duval, lith.
The  carrier dove

The carrier dove

cover only From: Music Copyright Deposits, 1820-1860 (Microfilm M 3106) Also available through the Library of Congress Web Site as facsimile page images. (additional physical form) In bound volumes: Copyright D... More

Take your time Miss Lucy, a comic ballad
Eleanora waltz

Eleanora waltz

From: Music Copyright Deposits, 1820-1860 (Microfilm M 3106) Also available through the Library of Congress Web Site as facsimile page images. (additional physical form) In bound volumes: Copyright Deposits 1820-1860

Davis' quick step

Davis' quick step

From: Music Copyright Deposits, 1820-1860 (Microfilm M 3106) Also available through the Library of Congress Web Site as facsimile page images. (additional physical form) In bound volumes: Copyright Deposits 1820-1860

Bunker-Hill battle. A song for June 17, 1843
I ne'er can love again, a page's romance
"Get off the track!" : A song for emancipation, sung by the Hutchinsons, respectfully dedicated to Nathl. P. Rogers, as a mark of esteem for his intrepidity in the cause of human rights
The fatal catastrophe on board the Princeton, 28th of February, 1844. Julia C. Sioussa
Clay gallopade

Clay gallopade

From: Music Copyright Deposits, 1820-1860 (Microfilm M 3106) Also available through the Library of Congress Web Site as facsimile page images. (additional physical form) In bound volumes: Copyright Deposits 1820-1860

I think of thee

I think of thee

From: Music Copyright Deposits, 1820-1860 (Microfilm M 3106) Also available through the Library of Congress Web Site as facsimile page images. (additional physical form) In bound volumes: Copyright Deposits 1820-1860

Aeolus gallop

Aeolus gallop

From: Music Copyright Deposits, 1820-1860 (Microfilm M 3106) Also available through the Library of Congress Web Site as facsimile page images. (additional physical form) In bound volumes: Copyright Deposits 1820-1860

Andante, op. 21

Andante, op. 21

cover only From: Music Copyright Deposits, 1820-1860 (Microfilm M 3106) Also available through the Library of Congress Web Site as facsimile page images. (additional physical form) In bound volumes: Copyright D... More

The emerald gallopade

The emerald gallopade

From: Music Copyright Deposits, 1820-1860 (Microfilm M 3106) Also available through the Library of Congress Web Site as facsimile page images. (additional physical form) In bound volumes: Copyright Deposits 1820-1860

The  Francis waltz

The Francis waltz

From: Music Copyright Deposits, 1820-1860 (Microfilm M 3106) Also available through the Library of Congress Web Site as facsimile page images. (additional physical form) In bound volumes: Copyright Deposits 1820-1860

La libert,̌ op. 40. Charles Grobe

La libert,̌ op. 40. Charles Grobe

cover only From: Music Copyright Deposits, 1820-1860 (Microfilm M 3106) Also available through the Library of Congress Web Site as facsimile page images. (additional physical form) In bound volumes: Copyright D... More

March marocaine

March marocaine

cover only From: Music Copyright Deposits, 1820-1860 (Microfilm M 3106) Also available through the Library of Congress Web Site as facsimile page images. (additional physical form) In bound volumes: Copyright D... More

Augarten waltz

Augarten waltz

From: Music Copyright Deposits, 1820-1860 (Microfilm M 3106) Also available through the Library of Congress Web Site as facsimile page images. (additional physical form) In bound volumes: Copyright Deposits 1820-1860

Volksgarten waltz

Volksgarten waltz

From: Music Copyright Deposits, 1820-1860 (Microfilm M 3106) Also available through the Library of Congress Web Site as facsimile page images. (additional physical form) In bound volumes: Copyright Deposits 1820-1860

Tarand polka

Tarand polka

From: Music Copyright Deposits, 1820-1860 (Microfilm M 3106) Also available through the Library of Congress Web Site as facsimile page images. (additional physical form) In bound volumes: Copyright Deposits 1820-1860

Grand waltz de Bravura, op. 6

Grand waltz de Bravura, op. 6

cover page only From: Music Copyright Deposits, 1820-1860 (Microfilm M 3106) Also available through the Library of Congress Web Site as facsimile page images. (additional physical form) In bound volumes: Copyri... More

Soirěs de danse
Twelve preludes and voluntaries for organ, or piano with aeolian attachment, book 1

Twelve preludes and voluntaries for organ, or piano with aeolian attac...

cover page only From: Music Copyright Deposits, 1820-1860 (Microfilm M 3106) Also available through the Library of Congress Web Site as facsimile page images. (additional physical form) In bound volumes: Copyri... More

Variations brillantes sur l'air favori "Happy land"
The  amateurs quartette club, no. 1

The amateurs quartette club, no. 1

cover only From: Music Copyright Deposits, 1820-1860 (Microfilm M 3106) Also available through the Library of Congress Web Site as facsimile page images. (additional physical form) In bound volumes: Copyright D... More

The  Arnaud waltz

The Arnaud waltz

From: Music Copyright Deposits, 1820-1860 (Microfilm M 3106) Also available through the Library of Congress Web Site as facsimile page images. (additional physical form) In bound volumes: Copyright Deposits 1820-1860

Selections from Leonora, part IV

Selections from Leonora, part IV

cover only From: Music Copyright Deposits, 1820-1860 (Microfilm M 3106) Also available through the Library of Congress Web Site as facsimile page images. (additional physical form) In bound volumes: Copyright D... More

The  wrecker's daughter

The wrecker's daughter

From: Music Copyright Deposits, 1820-1860 (Microfilm M 3106) Also available through the Library of Congress Web Site as facsimile page images. (additional physical form) In bound volumes: Copyright Deposits 1820-1860

L'hľiotrope, op. 2

L'hľiotrope, op. 2

cover page only From: Music Copyright Deposits, 1820-1860 (Microfilm M 3106) Also available through the Library of Congress Web Site as facsimile page images. (additional physical form) In bound volumes: Copyri... More

Mary Blane

Mary Blane

From: Music Copyright Deposits, 1820-1860 (Microfilm M 3106) Also available through the Library of Congress Web Site as facsimile page images. (additional physical form) In bound volumes: Copyright Deposits 1820-1860

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