Paper is a thin sheet material produced by mechanically and/or chemically processing cellulose fibres derived from wood, rags, grasses or other vegetable sources in water, draining the water through fine mesh leaving the fibre evenly distributed on the surface, followed by pressing and drying. Although paper was originally made in single sheets by hand, almost all is now made on large machines—some making reels 10 metres wide, running at 2,000 metres per minute and up to 600,000 tonnes a year. It is a versatile material with many uses, including printing, packaging, decorating, writing, cleaning, filter paper, wallpaper, book endpaper, conservation paper, laminated worktops, toilet tissue, currency and security paper and a number of industrial and construction processes.

The papermaking process developed in east Asia, probably China, at least as early as 105 CE, by the Han court eunuch Cai Lun, although the earliest archaeological fragments of paper derive from the 2nd century BCE in China. The modern pulp and paper industry is global, with China leading its production and the United States following.

Paper Media

376,399 media by topicpage 1 of 3764
Two Dollars 1928

Two Dollars 1928

Banknotes of United States Notes, also known as the Legal Tender Notes were printed in the years 1862-1971. Their second unofficial name was "green" (green back).

Cat Seated under a Chair, Tomb of May

Cat Seated under a Chair, Tomb of May

Hugh R. Hopgood From Egypt, Upper Egypt, Thebes New Kingdom

Women at a Banquet, Upper Egypt, Metmuseum
Ceiling Fragment, Tomb of Amenemhat Surer

Ceiling Fragment, Tomb of Amenemhat Surer

Hugh R. Hopgood From Egypt, Upper Egypt, Thebes New Kingdom

Banquet Scene with Musicians, Tomb of Nakht
Two Fragments of Ceiling Patterns, Tomb of Senenmut
Decoration of a Vaulted Ceiling, Tomb of Puyemre

Decoration of a Vaulted Ceiling, Tomb of Puyemre

Hugh R. Hopgood From Egypt, Upper Egypt, Thebes New Kingdom

Offering Scene, Tomb of Djari

Offering Scene, Tomb of Djari

Unknown Copyist [member of the MMA Egyptian Expedition] From Egypt, Upper Egypt, Thebes, Asasif First Intermediate Period–Middle Kingdom

Lintel, Pyramid Temple of Amenemhat I

Lintel, Pyramid Temple of Amenemhat I

Unknown Copyist [member of the MMA Egyptian Expedition] From Egypt, Memphite Region, Lisht North Middle Kingdom

Leaders of the Aamu of Shu
Sifting Meal, Tomb of Rekhmire
Ibex and Dog from the Tomb of Qenamun
Fragment of a Threshing Scene, Winlock's Tomb 5 of the Asasif

Fragment of a Threshing Scene, Winlock's Tomb 5 of the Asasif

From Egypt, Upper Egypt, Thebes, Asasif, Winlock Tomb 5, north corner of antechamber New Kingdom

Fishing and Fowling, Tomb of Ipuy
Stringing and Drilling Beads, Tomb of Rekhmire
Painted Restoration of the Hathor-Head Frieze in the Tomb of Senenmut
Priestesses and Dancers, Upper Egypt, Metmuseum
Preparing and Cooking Cakes, Tomb of Rekhmire
Ramesses III and Prince Amenherkhepeshef before Hathor
Water Plants, Tomb of Puyemre

Water Plants, Tomb of Puyemre

Hugh R. Hopgood From Egypt, Upper Egypt, Thebes New Kingdom

Foreigners, Tomb of Menkheperraseneb, Upper Egypt
Cretans Bringing Gifts of Metal and Jewelry, Tomb of Rekhmire
Relief Fragment, Pyramid Temple of Amenemhat I
Man Carrying Loaves, Tomb of Rekhmire
Fragment of Inscription, Pyramid Temple of Amenemhat I

Fragment of Inscription, Pyramid Temple of Amenemhat I

Unknown Copyist [member of the MMA Egyptian Expedition] From Egypt, Memphite Region, Lisht North Middle Kingdom

Facsimile painting from the temple of Mentuhotep II
South Wall of Nakht's Offering Chapel
Craftsmen, Tomb of Nebamun and Ipuky
Fragment of a Threshing Scene, Winlock's Tomb 5 of the Asasif
Ceiling Decoration, Tomb of Tjay

Ceiling Decoration, Tomb of Tjay

Charles K. Wilkinson From Egypt, Upper Egypt, Thebes New Kingdom

Ibex, Tomb of Amenhotep, Upper Egypt, Metmuseum
Men from Punt Carrying Gifts, Tomb of Rekhmire
Harvest Scenes, Tomb of Menna

Harvest Scenes, Tomb of Menna

Charles K. Wilkinson From Egypt, Upper Egypt, Thebes New Kingdom

Brickmakers, Tomb of Rekhmire, Upper Egypt, Metmuseum
Ceiling Patterns from the Palace of Amenhotep III, Malqata

Ceiling Patterns from the Palace of Amenhotep III, Malqata

William J. Palmer-Jones From Egypt, Upper Egypt, Thebes New Kingdom

Man Before a False Door, Tomb of Nebamun

Man Before a False Door, Tomb of Nebamun

Charles K. Wilkinson From Egypt, Upper Egypt, Thebes New Kingdom

Crucible, New Kingdom, Egypt, 1550  -1070 BC

Crucible, New Kingdom, Egypt, 1550 -1070 BC

From Egypt, Upper Egypt, Thebes, Deir el-Bahri, Temple of Hatshepsut, Foundation Deposit 2a (B), MMA excavations, 1921–22 New Kingdom

Detail of a Ram, Tomb of Khnumhotep
Ceiling Fragment, Tomb of Amenemhat Surer

Ceiling Fragment, Tomb of Amenemhat Surer

Hugh R. Hopgood From Egypt, Upper Egypt, Thebes New Kingdom

Women at a Banquet, Upper Egypt, Metmuseum
Provisions from Nubia Stored in the Temple, Tomb of Rekhmire
Provisions Stored in the Temple, Tomb of Rekhmire
Craftsmen, Tomb of Nebamun and Ipuky
Nakht and Family Fishing and Fowling, Tomb of Nakht
Decorated Doorway to North Chapel, Tomb of Puyemre
Facsimile Painting of an Alabaster Statuette
New Year Gift: Horse Trappings
Ceiling Fragment, Tomb of Amenemhat Surer

Ceiling Fragment, Tomb of Amenemhat Surer

Hugh R. Hopgood From Egypt, Upper Egypt, Thebes New Kingdom

Ceiling Fragment, Tomb of Amenemhat Surer

Ceiling Fragment, Tomb of Amenemhat Surer

Hugh R. Hopgood From Egypt, Upper Egypt, Thebes New Kingdom

Journey to Abydos, Tomb of Pairy
New Year Gift: Cosmetic Box
Sandal Maker, Tomb of Rekhmire
Giraffe with a Monkey, Tomb of Rekhmire

Giraffe with a Monkey, Tomb of Rekhmire

Unknown Copyist Original from Egypt, Upper Egypt, Thebes, Sheikh Abd el-Qurna, Tomb of Rekhmire (TT 100) New Kingdom

Guests at a Banquet, Upper Egypt, Metmuseum
Coptic Graffito, Tomb of Userhat:

Coptic Graffito, Tomb of Userhat:

Charles K. Wilkinson From Egypt, Upper Egypt, Thebes New Kingdom

Offering Scene, Tomb of Djari

Offering Scene, Tomb of Djari

Unknown Copyist [member of the MMA Egyptian Expedition] From Egypt, Upper Egypt, Thebes First Intermediate Period–Middle Kingdom

Sculptors at Work, Tomb of Rekhmire
Facsimile, Winlock's Tomb 5

Facsimile, Winlock's Tomb 5

Unknown Copyist From Egypt, Upper Egypt, Thebes, Asasif, Winlock Tomb 5 Second Intermediate Period–Early New Kingdom

Female Musicians
Ceiling Decoration, Upper Egypt, Metmuseum
Funeral Procession, Tomb of Pairy
Userhat and Wife Receiving Offerings, Tomb of Userhat
Deceased Being Towed in a Boat, Tomb of Rekhmire
Offering Procession, Tomb of Userhat

Offering Procession, Tomb of Userhat

Norman Hardy From Egypt, Upper Egypt, Thebes New Kingdom, Ramesside

Gathering Honey, Tomb of Rekhmire
New Year Gift: Shield, Upper Egypt, Metmuseum
Water Fowl, Tomb of Puyemre

Water Fowl, Tomb of Puyemre

Hugh R. Hopgood From Egypt, Upper Egypt, Thebes New Kingdom

Syrians Bringing Horses, Tomb of Rekhmire
Man Bringing New Year's Gifts, Tomb of Qenamun

Man Bringing New Year's Gifts, Tomb of Qenamun

Hugh R. Hopgood Original from Egypt, Upper Egypt, Thebes, Sheikh Abd el-Qurna, TT 93 New Kingdom

Nakhtamun's Funeral Procession, Tomb of Nakhtamun
Facsimile painting from the 'Green Room' in the North Palace at Amarna
Seated Figures in a Niche, Tomb of Tjay

Seated Figures in a Niche, Tomb of Tjay

Charles K. Wilkinson From Egypt, Upper Egypt, Thebes Second Intermediate Period–Early New Kingdom

Men Splitting Papyrus, Tomb of Puyemre
Women Preparing Food, Tomb of Djari
Qenamun and His Wife, Tomb of Qenamun
Fragment of an Obelisk, Tomb of Puyemre

Fragment of an Obelisk, Tomb of Puyemre

Hugh R. Hopgood Original from Egypt, Upper Egypt, Thebes, Tomb of Puyemre, West wall, north of central doorway Original: New Kingdom

Statue of Deified Amenhotep I
Ceiling, Tomb of Nakht

Ceiling, Tomb of Nakht

Unknown Copyist From Egypt, Upper Egypt, Thebes New Kingdom

Fragmentary Scene of Foreigners, Tomb of Senenmut
Men Roping a Bull and Driving Cattle, Tomb of Djari
Man Making Leather Rope, Tomb of Rekhmire
Facsimile Painting of Geese, Tomb of Nefermaat and Itet
Masons Squaring a Block, Tomb of Rekhmire
Papyrus, Theban tomb, Upper Egypt, Metmuseum
Wounded Animal in a Hunting Scene, Tomb of Userhat

Wounded Animal in a Hunting Scene, Tomb of Userhat

Charles K. Wilkinson From Egypt, Upper Egypt, Thebes New Kingdom

North Wall of Nakht's Offering Chapel
Fishing and Fowling, from the Tomb of Ipuy
Desert Hunting Scene, Tomb of Qenamun

Desert Hunting Scene, Tomb of Qenamun

Hugh R. Hopgood From Egypt, Upper Egypt, Thebes New Kingdom

Netting Birds, Tomb of Khnumhotep
Floral Decoration, Mastaba of Perneb

Floral Decoration, Mastaba of Perneb

Unknown Copyist [member of the MMA Egyptian Expedition] From Egypt, Memphite Region, Saqqara Old Kingdom

Preparing Dough, Tomb of Rekhmire
Face of Puyemre, Tomb of Puyemre

Face of Puyemre, Tomb of Puyemre

Hugh R. Hopgood From Egypt, Upper Egypt, Thebes New Kingdom

Men Preparing Fish, Tomb Puyemre

Men Preparing Fish, Tomb Puyemre

Hugh R. Hopgood From Egypt, Upper Egypt, Thebes New Kingdom

Four Foreign Chieftains, Tomb of Puyemre
Djehuty and his Mother Receiving Offerings, Tomb of Djehuty
Nakht and his Wife Receiving Offerings
Sennedjem and Iineferti in the Fields of Iaru
Ipuy and Wife Receive Offerings from Their Children (substantially restored)
The King with Anubis, Tomb of Haremhab
Washing Linen, Tomb of Djari

Washing Linen, Tomb of Djari

Unknown Copyist [member of the MMA Egyptian Expedition] From Egypt, Upper Egypt, Thebes, Asasif First Intermediate Period–Middle Kingdom

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