Massachusetts ( (listen), ), officially known as the Commonwealth of Massachusetts, is the most populous state in the New England region of the Northeastern United States. It borders on the Atlantic Ocean to the east, the states of Connecticut and Rhode Island to the south, New Hampshire and Vermont to the north, and New York to the west. The capital of Massachusetts is Boston, which is also the most populous city in New England. It is home to the Greater Boston metropolitan area, a region influential upon American history, academia, and industry. Originally dependent on agriculture, fishing and trade, Massachusetts was transformed into a manufacturing center during the Industrial Revolution. During the 20th century, Massachusetts's economy shifted from manufacturing to services. Modern Massachusetts is a global leader in biotechnology, engineering, higher education, finance, and maritime trade.

Plymouth was the site of the second colony in New England after Popham Colony in 1607 in what is now Maine. Plymouth was founded in 1620 by the Pilgrims, passengers of the Mayflower. In 1692, the town of Salem and surrounding areas experienced one of America's most infamous cases of mass hysteria, the Salem witch trials. In 1777, General Henry Knox founded the Springfield Armory, which during the Industrial Revolution catalyzed numerous important technological advances, including interchangeable parts. In 1786, Shays' Rebellion, a populist revolt led by disaffected American Revolutionary War veterans, influenced the United States Constitutional Convention. In the 18th century, the Protestant First Great Awakening, which swept Britain and the Thirteen Colonies, originated from the pulpit of Northampton preacher Jonathan Edwards. In the late 18th century, Boston became known as the "Cradle of Liberty" for the agitation there that later led to the American Revolution.

The entire Commonwealth of Massachusetts has played a powerful scientific, commercial, and cultural role in the history of the United States. Before the American Civil War, Massachusetts was a center for the abolitionist, temperance, and transcendentalist movements. In the late 19th century, the sports of basketball and volleyball were invented in the western Massachusetts cities of Springfield and Holyoke, respectively. In 2004, Massachusetts became the first U.S. state to legally recognize same-sex marriage as a result of the Massachusetts Supreme Judicial Court's decision in Goodridge v. Department of Public Health. Many prominent American political dynasties have hailed from the state, including the Adams and Kennedy families. Harvard University in Cambridge is the oldest institution of higher learning in the United States, with the largest financial endowment of any university, and Harvard Law School has educated a contemporaneous majority of Justices of the Supreme Court of the United States. Kendall Square in Cambridge has been called "the most innovative square mile on the planet", in reference to the high concentration of entrepreneurial start-ups and quality of innovation which have emerged in the vicinity of the square since 2010. Both Harvard and MIT, also in Cambridge, have been ranked among the most highly regarded academic institutions in the world. Massachusetts' public-school students place among the top tier in the world in academic performance. The state has been ranked as one of the top states in the United States for citizens to live in, as well as one of the most expensive.

Massachusetts Media

312,983 media by topicpage 1 of 3130
Commuters, who have just come off the train, waiting for the bus to go home, Lowell, Mass.
Near Logan Airport - Airplane Coming in for a Landing Over Neptune Road Homes

Near Logan Airport - Airplane Coming in for a Landing Over Neptune Roa...

Original Caption: Near Logan Airport - Airplane Coming in for a Landing Over Neptune Road Homes 05/1973..U.S. National Archives’ Local Identifier: 412-DA-5961..Photographer: Manheim, Michael Philip, 1940-..Su... More

Minots Ledge off Boston Harbor : showing the proposed site of a light house

Minots Ledge off Boston Harbor : showing the proposed site of a light ...

Beneath Our Feet: Mapping of the features beneath the ocean’s surface began in Europe in the late-16th century, with cartographers using simple symbols such as soundings (numbers that indicate depth in fathoms)... More

Convivial company, king-sized cocktails, hearty sandwiches, a mug of brew and good fellowship are ingredients for fun at the Old London Pub & Grille

Convivial company, king-sized cocktails, hearty sandwiches, a mug of b...

Enjoy this enchanting replica of a 16th century country pub at the Lenox Hotel and Motor Inn, 710 Boylston St., Boston, Mass. Courtesy of Boston Public Library

Boston Public Library, furniture. Walnut table, 16th century
Convivial company, king-sized cocktails, hearty sandwiches, a mug of brew and good fellowship are ingredients for fun at the Old London Pub & Grille

Convivial company, king-sized cocktails, hearty sandwiches, a mug of b...

Enjoy this enchanting replica of a 16th century country pub at the Lenox Hotel and Motor Inn, 710 Boylston St., Boston, Mass. Courtesy of Boston Public Library

Cabrillo Memorial Parade, New Bedford

Cabrillo Memorial Parade, New Bedford

Sepia toned photo of parade in New Bedford, Massachusetts in honor of 16th century Portuguese explorer Juan Rodriguez Cabrillo. Courtesy of New Bedford Free Public Library

[Incunabula illustrations, 1505]. Book illustration from Library of Congress

[Incunabula illustrations, 1505]. Book illustration from Library of Co...

Diptych of Adam & Eve with snake and priest celebrating Mass separated by Jesus on Cross. Illus. in: Ulrich Pender, Der Beschlossen Gart des Rosenkrantz Marie (Nuremburg, 1505) p. ccxxix - verso, v. 2. Ref. cop... More

A leaf from a 17th-century account book, apparently used only as a wrapper
Top of tomahawk

Top of tomahawk

This top of a tomahawk was found buried in the yard at 108 West Main Street, which had been the Blue Anchor Tavern, reminding the current residents that there had been several raids in the area in the 1700s. Cy... More

Painted Fan: Rape of Europa, attributed to Francesco Albani, c. 1600-1650

Painted Fan: Rape of Europa, attributed to Francesco Albani, c. 1600-1...

Henry Longfellow purchased this fan in Rome in January 1869. The fan features a scene from Greek mythology, and is attributed to the Italian Baroque painter Francesco Albani.

"Marg. note"

"Marg. note"

Speaking of the gradual decay of certain races. Endorsed "Dr. Stiles." Courtesy of Boston Public Library

Secretary/desk open

Secretary/desk open

This desk is in two pieces, which were built at separate times in the early 1800s (circa 1810) by Topsfield resident David Towne. It is made of birch and maple predominantly. David Towne learned his trade from ... More

Wayland road book. Wayland, Mass.

Wayland road book. Wayland, Mass.

Extracts from the Wayland MA town records concerning county roads, proprietors’ roads, and town roads that cover the time period 1683 to 1909 has been gathered in one volume. Notes such as the "Masters Brook wa... More

"Marg. note"

"Marg. note"

Speaking of the gradual decay of certain races. Endorsed "Dr. Stiles." Courtesy of Boston Public Library

A leaf from a 17th-century account book, apparently used only as a wrapper
First Church in Boston, 1632 - Charleston, Boston Mass.

First Church in Boston, 1632 - Charleston, Boston Mass.

First Church in Boston, 1632. The First Parish of Boston had been organized in Charlestown in 1630 and crossed to Boston in the autumn with the Rev. John Wilson, who preached out in the open air under the trees... More

The new electro-magnetic planchette, or, mysterious writer! With metallic plates on the top, is the most sensitive instrument in use ... [Boston n. d.].

The new electro-magnetic planchette, or, mysterious writer! With metal...

Available also through the Library of Congress web site in two forms: as facsimile page images and as full text in SGML. Printed Ephemera Collection; Portfolio 82, Folder 8.

Secretary/desk closed

Secretary/desk closed

This desk is in two pieces, which were built at separate times in the early 1800s (circa 1810) by Topsfield resident David Towne. It is made of birch and maple predominantly. David Towne learned his trade from ... More

Fragmentary notes

Fragmentary notes

Fragmentary notes; possibly of a discourse, but without much connection Courtesy of Boston Public Library

[Saint Brendan, 484-577, figurative map of St. Brendan's legendary voyage; shows Mass being said on the back of a whale]

[Saint Brendan, 484-577, figurative map of St. Brendan's legendary voy...

Repr. of engraving. Illus. in: Plautius, Caspar. Nova Typis ...1621, p. 13. Reference copy may be in LOT 4409A. This record contains unverified, old data from caption card. Caption card tracings: Legends; Brend... More

Turned Armchair, Massachusetts
The freeman's oath : autograph manuscript draft

The freeman's oath : autograph manuscript draft

A single leaf containing handwritten drafts of three oaths. On the recto, a draft of the Freeman's Oath in the hand of John Winthrop. On the verso, two oaths in the hand of Thomas Dudley: The Oath of a Servant ... More

The freeman's oath : autograph manuscript draft

The freeman's oath : autograph manuscript draft

A single leaf containing handwritten drafts of three oaths. On the recto, a draft of the Freeman's Oath in the hand of John Winthrop. On the verso, two oaths in the hand of Thomas Dudley: The Oath of a Servant ... More

Part of page 201 in parish register of First Church in Charlestown

Part of page 201 in parish register of First Church in Charlestown

Part of page 201 in parish register of First Church in Charlestown. Showing entries of baptisms in 1632 and 1633. There are printed copies of this old register (years 1632-1789) in at least 30 public libraries,... More

The south part of New England as it planted this yeare, 1634
Sudbury records 1638-1703, volume 1. Wayland, Mass.

Sudbury records 1638-1703, volume 1. Wayland, Mass.

At the April 1857 town meeting of Wayland, formally East Sudbury, voted to take measures to secure a copy of the ancient records of the town of Sudbury up to the year 1780, as it is the heritage of the town of ... More

The south part of New England, as it planted this yeare, 1639
Spindle-back armchair, Boston, Massachusetts
Trestle Table, 17th century

Trestle Table, 17th century

Made in Massachusetts, United States

Spindle-back armchair
Cradle, 17th century
Cradle, 17th century, Massachusetts
The Capitall lawes of New-England, as they stand now in force in the Commonwealth. By the Court, in the years 1641. 1642 ... Printed first in New-England, and reprinted in London for Ben Allen in Popes-head Allen. 1643.

The Capitall lawes of New-England, as they stand now in force in the C...

Positive Photostat.; Title. Available also through the Library of Congress web site in two forms: as facsimile page images and as full text in SGML. Printed Ephemera Collection; Portfolio 33, Folder 2.

Arbitrary government described : and the government of the Massachusetts vindicated from that aspersion : autograph manuscript, signed

Arbitrary government described : and the government of the Massachuset...

A manuscript in six parts, all in the hand of John Winthrop. Contains: 1. The full text of Arbitrary government described (1644) -- 2. Miscellaneous excerpts from the writings of Thomas Aquinas (in Latin) -- 3.... More

Arbitrary government described : and the government of the Massachusetts vindicated from that aspersion : autograph manuscript, signed

Arbitrary government described : and the government of the Massachuset...

A manuscript in six parts, all in the hand of John Winthrop. Contains: 1. The full text of Arbitrary government described (1644) -- 2. Miscellaneous excerpts from the writings of Thomas Aquinas (in Latin) -- 3.... More

Book of possessions of the town of Boston, ca. 1644-1693

Book of possessions of the town of Boston, ca. 1644-1693

This document, a 154-page manuscript dating largely from ca. 1652, records land transactions and holdings of the residents of Boston. Entries contain the names of owners or parties to the transactions, the prop... More

Deed of property in Eastham (Nameskeekett [Orleans]) sold to Andrew Hallett of Nawsett by Nicholas Simpkins of Yarmouth

Deed of property in Eastham (Nameskeekett [Orleans]) sold to Andrew Ha...

Seller(s) Name: Simpkins, Nicholas. Buyer(s) Name: Hallett, Andrew. Other Names Mentioned: Winslow, Governor; Coffen, Josiah; Gould, Nathaniel. Courtesy of Sturgis Library

Book of possessions of the town of Boston, ca. 1644-1693

Book of possessions of the town of Boston, ca. 1644-1693

This document, a 154-page manuscript dating largely from ca. 1652, records land transactions and holdings of the residents of Boston. Entries contain the names of owners or parties to the transactions, the prop... More

Book of possessions of the town of Boston, ca. 1644-1693

Book of possessions of the town of Boston, ca. 1644-1693

This document, a 154-page manuscript dating largely from ca. 1652, records land transactions and holdings of the residents of Boston. Entries contain the names of owners or parties to the transactions, the prop... More

Book of possessions of the town of Boston, ca. 1644-1693

Book of possessions of the town of Boston, ca. 1644-1693

This document, a 154-page manuscript dating largely from ca. 1652, records land transactions and holdings of the residents of Boston. Entries contain the names of owners or parties to the transactions, the prop... More

Book of possessions of the town of Boston, ca. 1644-1693

Book of possessions of the town of Boston, ca. 1644-1693

This document, a 154-page manuscript dating largely from ca. 1652, records land transactions and holdings of the residents of Boston. Entries contain the names of owners or parties to the transactions, the prop... More

Book of possessions of the town of Boston, ca. 1644-1693

Book of possessions of the town of Boston, ca. 1644-1693

This document, a 154-page manuscript dating largely from ca. 1652, records land transactions and holdings of the residents of Boston. Entries contain the names of owners or parties to the transactions, the prop... More

Book of possessions of the town of Boston, ca. 1644-1693

Book of possessions of the town of Boston, ca. 1644-1693

This document, a 154-page manuscript dating largely from ca. 1652, records land transactions and holdings of the residents of Boston. Entries contain the names of owners or parties to the transactions, the prop... More

Arbitrary government described : and the government of the Massachusetts vindicated from that aspersion : autograph manuscript, signed

Arbitrary government described : and the government of the Massachuset...

A manuscript in six parts, all in the hand of John Winthrop. Contains: 1. The full text of Arbitrary government described (1644) -- 2. Miscellaneous excerpts from the writings of Thomas Aquinas (in Latin) -- 3.... More

Book of possessions of the town of Boston, ca. 1644-1693

Book of possessions of the town of Boston, ca. 1644-1693

This document, a 154-page manuscript dating largely from ca. 1652, records land transactions and holdings of the residents of Boston. Entries contain the names of owners or parties to the transactions, the prop... More

Book of possessions of the town of Boston, ca. 1644-1693

Book of possessions of the town of Boston, ca. 1644-1693

This document, a 154-page manuscript dating largely from ca. 1652, records land transactions and holdings of the residents of Boston. Entries contain the names of owners or parties to the transactions, the prop... More

Book of possessions of the town of Boston, ca. 1644-1693

Book of possessions of the town of Boston, ca. 1644-1693

This document, a 154-page manuscript dating largely from ca. 1652, records land transactions and holdings of the residents of Boston. Entries contain the names of owners or parties to the transactions, the prop... More

Book of possessions of the town of Boston, ca. 1644-1693

Book of possessions of the town of Boston, ca. 1644-1693

This document, a 154-page manuscript dating largely from ca. 1652, records land transactions and holdings of the residents of Boston. Entries contain the names of owners or parties to the transactions, the prop... More

Book of possessions of the town of Boston, ca. 1644-1693

Book of possessions of the town of Boston, ca. 1644-1693

This document, a 154-page manuscript dating largely from ca. 1652, records land transactions and holdings of the residents of Boston. Entries contain the names of owners or parties to the transactions, the prop... More

Book of possessions of the town of Boston, ca. 1644-1693

Book of possessions of the town of Boston, ca. 1644-1693

This document, a 154-page manuscript dating largely from ca. 1652, records land transactions and holdings of the residents of Boston. Entries contain the names of owners or parties to the transactions, the prop... More

Book of possessions of the town of Boston, ca. 1644-1693

Book of possessions of the town of Boston, ca. 1644-1693

This document, a 154-page manuscript dating largely from ca. 1652, records land transactions and holdings of the residents of Boston. Entries contain the names of owners or parties to the transactions, the prop... More

Book of possessions of the town of Boston, ca. 1644-1693

Book of possessions of the town of Boston, ca. 1644-1693

This document, a 154-page manuscript dating largely from ca. 1652, records land transactions and holdings of the residents of Boston. Entries contain the names of owners or parties to the transactions, the prop... More

Arbitrary government described : and the government of the Massachusetts vindicated from that aspersion : autograph manuscript, signed

Arbitrary government described : and the government of the Massachuset...

A manuscript in six parts, all in the hand of John Winthrop. Contains: 1. The full text of Arbitrary government described (1644) -- 2. Miscellaneous excerpts from the writings of Thomas Aquinas (in Latin) -- 3.... More

Book of possessions of the town of Boston, ca. 1644-1693

Book of possessions of the town of Boston, ca. 1644-1693

This document, a 154-page manuscript dating largely from ca. 1652, records land transactions and holdings of the residents of Boston. Entries contain the names of owners or parties to the transactions, the prop... More

Book of possessions of the town of Boston, ca. 1644-1693

Book of possessions of the town of Boston, ca. 1644-1693

This document, a 154-page manuscript dating largely from ca. 1652, records land transactions and holdings of the residents of Boston. Entries contain the names of owners or parties to the transactions, the prop... More

Book of possessions of the town of Boston, ca. 1644-1693

Book of possessions of the town of Boston, ca. 1644-1693

This document, a 154-page manuscript dating largely from ca. 1652, records land transactions and holdings of the residents of Boston. Entries contain the names of owners or parties to the transactions, the prop... More

Book of possessions of the town of Boston, ca. 1644-1693

Book of possessions of the town of Boston, ca. 1644-1693

This document, a 154-page manuscript dating largely from ca. 1652, records land transactions and holdings of the residents of Boston. Entries contain the names of owners or parties to the transactions, the prop... More

Book of possessions of the town of Boston, ca. 1644-1693

Book of possessions of the town of Boston, ca. 1644-1693

This document, a 154-page manuscript dating largely from ca. 1652, records land transactions and holdings of the residents of Boston. Entries contain the names of owners or parties to the transactions, the prop... More

Book of possessions of the town of Boston, ca. 1644-1693

Book of possessions of the town of Boston, ca. 1644-1693

This document, a 154-page manuscript dating largely from ca. 1652, records land transactions and holdings of the residents of Boston. Entries contain the names of owners or parties to the transactions, the prop... More

Arbitrary government described : and the government of the Massachusetts vindicated from that aspersion : autograph manuscript, signed

Arbitrary government described : and the government of the Massachuset...

A manuscript in six parts, all in the hand of John Winthrop. Contains: 1. The full text of Arbitrary government described (1644) -- 2. Miscellaneous excerpts from the writings of Thomas Aquinas (in Latin) -- 3.... More

Arbitrary government described : and the government of the Massachusetts vindicated from that aspersion : autograph manuscript, signed

Arbitrary government described : and the government of the Massachuset...

A manuscript in six parts, all in the hand of John Winthrop. Contains: 1. The full text of Arbitrary government described (1644) -- 2. Miscellaneous excerpts from the writings of Thomas Aquinas (in Latin) -- 3.... More

Arbitrary government described : and the government of the Massachusetts vindicated from that aspersion : autograph manuscript, signed

Arbitrary government described : and the government of the Massachuset...

A manuscript in six parts, all in the hand of John Winthrop. Contains: 1. The full text of Arbitrary government described (1644) -- 2. Miscellaneous excerpts from the writings of Thomas Aquinas (in Latin) -- 3.... More

Arbitrary government described : and the government of the Massachusetts vindicated from that aspersion : autograph manuscript, signed

Arbitrary government described : and the government of the Massachuset...

A manuscript in six parts, all in the hand of John Winthrop. Contains: 1. The full text of Arbitrary government described (1644) -- 2. Miscellaneous excerpts from the writings of Thomas Aquinas (in Latin) -- 3.... More

Book of possessions of the town of Boston, ca. 1644-1693

Book of possessions of the town of Boston, ca. 1644-1693

This document, a 154-page manuscript dating largely from ca. 1652, records land transactions and holdings of the residents of Boston. Entries contain the names of owners or parties to the transactions, the prop... More

Book of possessions of the town of Boston, ca. 1644-1693

Book of possessions of the town of Boston, ca. 1644-1693

This document, a 154-page manuscript dating largely from ca. 1652, records land transactions and holdings of the residents of Boston. Entries contain the names of owners or parties to the transactions, the prop... More

Book of possessions of the town of Boston, ca. 1644-1693

Book of possessions of the town of Boston, ca. 1644-1693

This document, a 154-page manuscript dating largely from ca. 1652, records land transactions and holdings of the residents of Boston. Entries contain the names of owners or parties to the transactions, the prop... More

Book of possessions of the town of Boston, ca. 1644-1693

Book of possessions of the town of Boston, ca. 1644-1693

This document, a 154-page manuscript dating largely from ca. 1652, records land transactions and holdings of the residents of Boston. Entries contain the names of owners or parties to the transactions, the prop... More

Book of possessions of the town of Boston, ca. 1644-1693

Book of possessions of the town of Boston, ca. 1644-1693

This document, a 154-page manuscript dating largely from ca. 1652, records land transactions and holdings of the residents of Boston. Entries contain the names of owners or parties to the transactions, the prop... More

Book of possessions of the town of Boston, ca. 1644-1693

Book of possessions of the town of Boston, ca. 1644-1693

This document, a 154-page manuscript dating largely from ca. 1652, records land transactions and holdings of the residents of Boston. Entries contain the names of owners or parties to the transactions, the prop... More

Book of possessions of the town of Boston, ca. 1644-1693

Book of possessions of the town of Boston, ca. 1644-1693

This document, a 154-page manuscript dating largely from ca. 1652, records land transactions and holdings of the residents of Boston. Entries contain the names of owners or parties to the transactions, the prop... More

Book of possessions of the town of Boston, ca. 1644-1693

Book of possessions of the town of Boston, ca. 1644-1693

This document, a 154-page manuscript dating largely from ca. 1652, records land transactions and holdings of the residents of Boston. Entries contain the names of owners or parties to the transactions, the prop... More

Arbitrary government described : and the government of the Massachusetts vindicated from that aspersion : autograph manuscript, signed

Arbitrary government described : and the government of the Massachuset...

A manuscript in six parts, all in the hand of John Winthrop. Contains: 1. The full text of Arbitrary government described (1644) -- 2. Miscellaneous excerpts from the writings of Thomas Aquinas (in Latin) -- 3.... More

Book of possessions of the town of Boston, ca. 1644-1693

Book of possessions of the town of Boston, ca. 1644-1693

This document, a 154-page manuscript dating largely from ca. 1652, records land transactions and holdings of the residents of Boston. Entries contain the names of owners or parties to the transactions, the prop... More

Book of possessions of the town of Boston, ca. 1644-1693

Book of possessions of the town of Boston, ca. 1644-1693

This document, a 154-page manuscript dating largely from ca. 1652, records land transactions and holdings of the residents of Boston. Entries contain the names of owners or parties to the transactions, the prop... More

Book of possessions of the town of Boston, ca. 1644-1693

Book of possessions of the town of Boston, ca. 1644-1693

This document, a 154-page manuscript dating largely from ca. 1652, records land transactions and holdings of the residents of Boston. Entries contain the names of owners or parties to the transactions, the prop... More

Book of possessions of the town of Boston, ca. 1644-1693

Book of possessions of the town of Boston, ca. 1644-1693

This document, a 154-page manuscript dating largely from ca. 1652, records land transactions and holdings of the residents of Boston. Entries contain the names of owners or parties to the transactions, the prop... More

Book of possessions of the town of Boston, ca. 1644-1693

Book of possessions of the town of Boston, ca. 1644-1693

This document, a 154-page manuscript dating largely from ca. 1652, records land transactions and holdings of the residents of Boston. Entries contain the names of owners or parties to the transactions, the prop... More

Book of possessions of the town of Boston, ca. 1644-1693

Book of possessions of the town of Boston, ca. 1644-1693

This document, a 154-page manuscript dating largely from ca. 1652, records land transactions and holdings of the residents of Boston. Entries contain the names of owners or parties to the transactions, the prop... More

Book of possessions of the town of Boston, ca. 1644-1693

Book of possessions of the town of Boston, ca. 1644-1693

This document, a 154-page manuscript dating largely from ca. 1652, records land transactions and holdings of the residents of Boston. Entries contain the names of owners or parties to the transactions, the prop... More

Book of possessions of the town of Boston, ca. 1644-1693

Book of possessions of the town of Boston, ca. 1644-1693

This document, a 154-page manuscript dating largely from ca. 1652, records land transactions and holdings of the residents of Boston. Entries contain the names of owners or parties to the transactions, the prop... More

Book of possessions of the town of Boston, ca. 1644-1693

Book of possessions of the town of Boston, ca. 1644-1693

This document, a 154-page manuscript dating largely from ca. 1652, records land transactions and holdings of the residents of Boston. Entries contain the names of owners or parties to the transactions, the prop... More

Book of possessions of the town of Boston, ca. 1644-1693

Book of possessions of the town of Boston, ca. 1644-1693

This document, a 154-page manuscript dating largely from ca. 1652, records land transactions and holdings of the residents of Boston. Entries contain the names of owners or parties to the transactions, the prop... More

Book of possessions of the town of Boston, ca. 1644-1693

Book of possessions of the town of Boston, ca. 1644-1693

This document, a 154-page manuscript dating largely from ca. 1652, records land transactions and holdings of the residents of Boston. Entries contain the names of owners or parties to the transactions, the prop... More

Book of possessions of the town of Boston, ca. 1644-1693

Book of possessions of the town of Boston, ca. 1644-1693

This document, a 154-page manuscript dating largely from ca. 1652, records land transactions and holdings of the residents of Boston. Entries contain the names of owners or parties to the transactions, the prop... More

Arbitrary government described : and the government of the Massachusetts vindicated from that aspersion : autograph manuscript, signed

Arbitrary government described : and the government of the Massachuset...

A manuscript in six parts, all in the hand of John Winthrop. Contains: 1. The full text of Arbitrary government described (1644) -- 2. Miscellaneous excerpts from the writings of Thomas Aquinas (in Latin) -- 3.... More

Book of possessions of the town of Boston, ca. 1644-1693

Book of possessions of the town of Boston, ca. 1644-1693

This document, a 154-page manuscript dating largely from ca. 1652, records land transactions and holdings of the residents of Boston. Entries contain the names of owners or parties to the transactions, the prop... More

Book of possessions of the town of Boston, ca. 1644-1693

Book of possessions of the town of Boston, ca. 1644-1693

This document, a 154-page manuscript dating largely from ca. 1652, records land transactions and holdings of the residents of Boston. Entries contain the names of owners or parties to the transactions, the prop... More

Arbitrary government described : and the government of the Massachusetts vindicated from that aspersion : autograph manuscript, signed

Arbitrary government described : and the government of the Massachuset...

A manuscript in six parts, all in the hand of John Winthrop. Contains: 1. The full text of Arbitrary government described (1644) -- 2. Miscellaneous excerpts from the writings of Thomas Aquinas (in Latin) -- 3.... More

Book of possessions of the town of Boston, ca. 1644-1693

Book of possessions of the town of Boston, ca. 1644-1693

This document, a 154-page manuscript dating largely from ca. 1652, records land transactions and holdings of the residents of Boston. Entries contain the names of owners or parties to the transactions, the prop... More

Book of possessions of the town of Boston, ca. 1644-1693

Book of possessions of the town of Boston, ca. 1644-1693

This document, a 154-page manuscript dating largely from ca. 1652, records land transactions and holdings of the residents of Boston. Entries contain the names of owners or parties to the transactions, the prop... More

Book of possessions of the town of Boston, ca. 1644-1693

Book of possessions of the town of Boston, ca. 1644-1693

This document, a 154-page manuscript dating largely from ca. 1652, records land transactions and holdings of the residents of Boston. Entries contain the names of owners or parties to the transactions, the prop... More

Arbitrary government described : and the government of the Massachusetts vindicated from that aspersion : autograph manuscript, signed

Arbitrary government described : and the government of the Massachuset...

A manuscript in six parts, all in the hand of John Winthrop. Contains: 1. The full text of Arbitrary government described (1644) -- 2. Miscellaneous excerpts from the writings of Thomas Aquinas (in Latin) -- 3.... More

Book of possessions of the town of Boston, ca. 1644-1693

Book of possessions of the town of Boston, ca. 1644-1693

This document, a 154-page manuscript dating largely from ca. 1652, records land transactions and holdings of the residents of Boston. Entries contain the names of owners or parties to the transactions, the prop... More

Book of possessions of the town of Boston, ca. 1644-1693

Book of possessions of the town of Boston, ca. 1644-1693

This document, a 154-page manuscript dating largely from ca. 1652, records land transactions and holdings of the residents of Boston. Entries contain the names of owners or parties to the transactions, the prop... More

Book of possessions of the town of Boston, ca. 1644-1693

Book of possessions of the town of Boston, ca. 1644-1693

This document, a 154-page manuscript dating largely from ca. 1652, records land transactions and holdings of the residents of Boston. Entries contain the names of owners or parties to the transactions, the prop... More

Book of possessions of the town of Boston, ca. 1644-1693

Book of possessions of the town of Boston, ca. 1644-1693

This document, a 154-page manuscript dating largely from ca. 1652, records land transactions and holdings of the residents of Boston. Entries contain the names of owners or parties to the transactions, the prop... More

Book of possessions of the town of Boston, ca. 1644-1693

Book of possessions of the town of Boston, ca. 1644-1693

This document, a 154-page manuscript dating largely from ca. 1652, records land transactions and holdings of the residents of Boston. Entries contain the names of owners or parties to the transactions, the prop... More

Book of possessions of the town of Boston, ca. 1644-1693

Book of possessions of the town of Boston, ca. 1644-1693

This document, a 154-page manuscript dating largely from ca. 1652, records land transactions and holdings of the residents of Boston. Entries contain the names of owners or parties to the transactions, the prop... More

Book of possessions of the town of Boston, ca. 1644-1693

Book of possessions of the town of Boston, ca. 1644-1693

This document, a 154-page manuscript dating largely from ca. 1652, records land transactions and holdings of the residents of Boston. Entries contain the names of owners or parties to the transactions, the prop... More

Previous

of 3130

Next