A map is a symbolic depiction emphasizing relationships between elements of some space, such as objects, regions, or themes.

Many maps are static, fixed to paper or some other durable medium, while others are dynamic or interactive. Although most commonly used to depict geography, maps may represent any space, real or fictional, without regard to context or scale, such as in brain mapping, DNA mapping, or computer network topology mapping. The space being mapped may be two dimensional, such as the surface of the earth, three dimensional, such as the interior of the earth, or even more abstract spaces of any dimension, such as arise in modeling phenomena having many independent variables.

Although the earliest maps known are of the heavens, geographic maps of territory have a very long tradition and exist from ancient times. The word "map" comes from the medieval Latin Mappa mundi, wherein mappa meant napkin or cloth and mundi the world. Thus, "map" became a shortened term referring to a two-dimensional representation of the surface of the world.

Map Media

302,634 media by topicpage 1 of 3027
Tartariae sive Magni Chami Regni tÿpus., Abraham Ortelius

Tartariae sive Magni Chami Regni tÿpus., Abraham Ortelius

Covers northern Asia. Relief shown pictorially. From Abraham Ortelius's atlas: Theatrvm Orbis Terrarvm, 1603 ed. Hand col. Available also through the Library of Congress Web site as a raster image. Includes tex... More

Ierusalem, cum suburbiis, prout tempore Christi floruit, accurate notatis omnibus insignibus et praecipuè iis locis... /

Ierusalem, cum suburbiis, prout tempore Christi floruit, accurate nota...

Relief shown pictorially. German. Titles in Latin and German. Shows Jerusalem during the time of Christ. Includes descriptive text in German. Available also through the Library of Congress Web site as a raster image.

Britons! Your country needs you / Printed by Saunders & Cullingham, 2 & 3 Burgon Street, Carter Lane, London, E.C.

Britons! Your country needs you / Printed by Saunders & Cullingham, 2 ...

Poster showing map of British Isles behind text. Poster no. 23. Wt. 8936. 50M. 1632/12/14. Title from item.

Near Logan Airport - Airplane Coming in for a Landing Over Neptune Road Homes

Near Logan Airport - Airplane Coming in for a Landing Over Neptune Roa...

Original Caption: Near Logan Airport - Airplane Coming in for a Landing Over Neptune Road Homes 05/1973..U.S. National Archives’ Local Identifier: 412-DA-5961..Photographer: Manheim, Michael Philip, 1940-..Su... More

Scarab of Horhetep, Egypt, The Middle Kingdom - Early New Kingdom 2040 - 1550 BCE

Scarab of Horhetep, Egypt, The Middle Kingdom - Early New Kingdom 2040...

From Egypt, Memphite Region, Lisht North, west of mastaba 954 not on map, Surface burial 951, MMA excavations, 1921–22 Middle Kingdom–Early New Kingdom

Part of ceremonial object?, Egypt, Middle Kingdom, 2040 – 1640 BC

Part of ceremonial object?, Egypt, Middle Kingdom, 2040 – 1640 BC

From Egypt, Memphite Region, Lisht North, cemetery east of Senwosret (758) (?), Pit 699 not on map, MMA excavations, 1907–08 Middle Kingdom

Map met herinneringsfoto's van het bezoek van gouverneur-generaal B.C. de Jonge aan Semarang in 1932
Ornament from wig, Egypt, Middle Kingdom, 2040 – 1640 BC

Ornament from wig, Egypt, Middle Kingdom, 2040 – 1640 BC

From Egypt, Memphite Region, Lisht North, cemetery south of pyramid, not on map, Pit 436, MMA excavations, 1913–14 Middle Kingdom

Scarab, Egypt, The Middle Kingdom - Early New Kingdom 2040 - 1550 BCE

Scarab, Egypt, The Middle Kingdom - Early New Kingdom 2040 - 1550 BCE

From Egypt, Memphite Region, Lisht North, cemetery south of pyramid, not on map, Pit 467, MMA excavations, 1913–14 Middle Kingdom–Early New Kingdom

A fragment of a cubic unknown object, possibly a fragment of a rod

A fragment of a cubic unknown object, possibly a fragment of a rod

From Egypt, Memphite Region, Lisht North, cemetery south of pyramid, not on map, Pit 436, MMA excavations, 1913–14 Middle Kingdom

Magical figure of captive, Egypt, Middle Kingdom, 2040 – 1640 BC

Magical figure of captive, Egypt, Middle Kingdom, 2040 – 1640 BC

From Egypt, Memphite Region, Lisht North, cemetery south of pyramid, not on map, Pit 485, MMA excavations, 1913–14 Middle Kingdom

Gold Foil on Wrist, Egypt, Middle Kingdom, 2040 – 1640 BC

Gold Foil on Wrist, Egypt, Middle Kingdom, 2040 – 1640 BC

From Egypt, Memphite Region, Lisht North, cemetery east of Senwosret (758) (?), Pit 696 not on map, MMA excavations, 1907–08 Middle Kingdom

Kohl pot, Egypt, Middle Kingdom, 2040 – 1640 BC

Kohl pot, Egypt, Middle Kingdom, 2040 – 1640 BC

From Egypt, Memphite Region, Lisht North, West of mastaba 954 not on map, Surface burial 952, MMA excavations, 1921–22 Middle Kingdom

Asia / Historic map, Library of Congress

Asia / Historic map, Library of Congress

Relief shown in hachures. From: An atlas to accompany Productive geography. Available also through the Library of Congress Web site as a raster image. LC copy stamped on: 626888.

Yu ji tu. Historic map, Library of Congress

Yu ji tu. Historic map, Library of Congress

Stone rubbing dated 1903? One of the earliest stone maps, it consists of 5,110 grids, each grid is approximately 100 li. Original stone was engraved in Fuchang 7 nian, i.e. 1136 A.D. The stone is now in the For... More

Yu ji tu. Historic map, Library of Congress
Hua yi tu. Historic map, Library of Congress

Hua yi tu. Historic map, Library of Congress

Scale not given. Stone rubbing dated 1933? Original stone was engraved in Fuchang 7 nian, i.e. 1136 A.D. The stone is now in the Forest of Stone Steles Museum in Xi'an, China. Covers China in Nan Song Dynasty,... More

Hua yi tu Historic map, Library of Congress

Hua yi tu Historic map, Library of Congress

Stone rubbing dated 1903? Original stone was engraved in Fuchang 7 nian, i.e. 1136 A.D. The stone is now in the Forest of Stone Steles Museum in Xi'an, China. Covers China in Nan Song Dynasty, from east to the ... More

Hua yi tu. Historic map, Library of Congress

Hua yi tu. Historic map, Library of Congress

Stone rubbing dated 1903? Original stone was engraved in Fuchang 7 nian, i.e. 1136 A.D. The stone is now in the Forest of Stone Steles Museum in Xi'an, China. Covers China in Nan Song Dynasty, from east to the ... More

Christian VII from "Illustreret Norges historie. [With plates.]"

Christian VII from "Illustreret Norges historie. [With plates.]"

This image has been taken from scan 000192 from volume 06 of "Illustreret Norges historie. [With plates.]". The title and subject terms of this image have been generated from tags, created by users of the Briti... More

Christian VII from "Illustreret Norges historie. [With plates.]"

Christian VII from "Illustreret Norges historie. [With plates.]"

This image has been taken from scan 000196 from volume 06 of "Illustreret Norges historie. [With plates.]". The title and subject terms of this image have been generated from tags, created by users of the Briti... More

Pingjiang tu. Historic map, Library of Congress

Pingjiang tu. Historic map, Library of Congress

Stone rubbing dated between 1858 and 1869. One of the earliest and biggest stone rubbing maps in China. Original stone was engraved in 1229 under Li Shoupeng. The map is now in the Museum of Engraved Stone Tabl... More

Image from BL Arundel 93, f. 148

Image from BL Arundel 93, f. 148

Image taken from f. 148 of Bibliotheca historiarum, in the translation of Poggio Bracciolini. Written in Latin.

Puzzle initial from BL Arundel 93, f. 16

Puzzle initial from BL Arundel 93, f. 16

Puzzle initial 'C'(um). Image taken from f. 16 of Bibliotheca historiarum, in the translation of Poggio Bracciolini. Written in Latin.

Image from BL Arundel 93, f. 147

Image from BL Arundel 93, f. 147

Image taken from f. 147 of Bibliotheca historiarum, in the translation of Poggio Bracciolini. Written in Latin.

Image from BL Arundel 93, f. 156v

Image from BL Arundel 93, f. 156v

Image taken from f. 156v of Bibliotheca historiarum, in the translation of Poggio Bracciolini. Written in Latin.

Image from BL Arundel 93, f. 158v

Image from BL Arundel 93, f. 158v

Image taken from f. 158v of Bibliotheca historiarum, in the translation of Poggio Bracciolini. Written in Latin.

Image from BL Arundel 93, f. 139v

Image from BL Arundel 93, f. 139v

Image taken from f. 139v of Bibliotheca historiarum, in the translation of Poggio Bracciolini. Written in Latin.

Puzzle initial from BL Arundel 93, f. 68

Puzzle initial from BL Arundel 93, f. 68

Puzzle initial. Image taken from f. 68 of Bibliotheca historiarum, in the translation of Poggio Bracciolini. Written in Latin.

Image from BL Arundel 93, f. 141v

Image from BL Arundel 93, f. 141v

Image taken from f. 141v of Bibliotheca historiarum, in the translation of Poggio Bracciolini. Written in Latin.

Image from BL Arundel 93, f. 156

Image from BL Arundel 93, f. 156

Image taken from f. 156 of Bibliotheca historiarum, in the translation of Poggio Bracciolini. Written in Latin.

Image from BL Arundel 93, f. 153

Image from BL Arundel 93, f. 153

Image taken from f. 153 of Bibliotheca historiarum, in the translation of Poggio Bracciolini. Written in Latin.

Image from BL Arundel 93, f. 159

Image from BL Arundel 93, f. 159

Image taken from f. 159 of Bibliotheca historiarum, in the translation of Poggio Bracciolini. Written in Latin.

Image from BL Arundel 93, f. 149v

Image from BL Arundel 93, f. 149v

Image taken from f. 149v of Bibliotheca historiarum, in the translation of Poggio Bracciolini. Written in Latin.

Image from BL Arundel 93, f. 152v

Image from BL Arundel 93, f. 152v

Image taken from f. 152v of Bibliotheca historiarum, in the translation of Poggio Bracciolini. Written in Latin.

Decorated initial from BL Arundel 93, f. 1

Decorated initial from BL Arundel 93, f. 1

Decorated initial. Image taken from f. 1 of Bibliotheca historiarum, in the translation of Poggio Bracciolini. Written in Latin.

Puzzle initial from BL Arundel 93, f. 3v

Puzzle initial from BL Arundel 93, f. 3v

Puzzle initial 'M'. Image taken from f. 3v of Bibliotheca historiarum, in the translation of Poggio Bracciolini. Written in Latin.

Image from BL Arundel 93, f. 139

Image from BL Arundel 93, f. 139

Image taken from f. 139 of Bibliotheca historiarum, in the translation of Poggio Bracciolini. Written in Latin.

Image from BL Arundel 93, f. 150

Image from BL Arundel 93, f. 150

Image taken from f. 150 of Bibliotheca historiarum, in the translation of Poggio Bracciolini. Written in Latin.

Image from BL Arundel 93, f. 142

Image from BL Arundel 93, f. 142

Image taken from f. 142 of Bibliotheca historiarum, in the translation of Poggio Bracciolini. Written in Latin.

Image from BL Arundel 93, f. 155v

Image from BL Arundel 93, f. 155v

Image taken from f. 155v of Bibliotheca historiarum, in the translation of Poggio Bracciolini. Written in Latin.

Image from BL Arundel 93, f. 138v

Image from BL Arundel 93, f. 138v

Image taken from f. 138v of Bibliotheca historiarum, in the translation of Poggio Bracciolini. Written in Latin.

Heraldry from BL Arundel 93, f. 129

Heraldry from BL Arundel 93, f. 129

Detail of heraldry. Image taken from f. 129 of Bibliotheca historiarum, in the translation of Poggio Bracciolini. Written in Latin.

Image from BL Arundel 93, f. 145v

Image from BL Arundel 93, f. 145v

Image taken from f. 145v of Bibliotheca historiarum, in the translation of Poggio Bracciolini. Written in Latin.

Image from BL Arundel 93, f. 142v

Image from BL Arundel 93, f. 142v

Image taken from f. 142v of Bibliotheca historiarum, in the translation of Poggio Bracciolini. Written in Latin.

Image from BL Arundel 93, f. 149

Image from BL Arundel 93, f. 149

Image taken from f. 149 of Bibliotheca historiarum, in the translation of Poggio Bracciolini. Written in Latin.

Image from BL Arundel 93, f. 158

Image from BL Arundel 93, f. 158

Image taken from f. 158 of Bibliotheca historiarum, in the translation of Poggio Bracciolini. Written in Latin.

Puzzle initial from BL Arundel 93, f. 48

Puzzle initial from BL Arundel 93, f. 48

Puzzle initial 'P'(ostea) with pen-flourishing, at the beginning of book 4 of Diodorus Siculus's Bibliotheca historiarum. Image taken from f. 48 of Bibliotheca historiarum, in the translation of Poggio Bracciol... More

Image from BL Arundel 93, f. 146

Image from BL Arundel 93, f. 146

Image taken from f. 146 of Bibliotheca historiarum, in the translation of Poggio Bracciolini. Written in Latin.

Illuminated initial from BL Arundel 93, f. 3

Illuminated initial from BL Arundel 93, f. 3

Initial 'N'(ullus) incorporating heraldic arms, and partial foliate border, including a bird and an ox, at the beginning of Diodorus Siculus's Bibliotheca historiarum. Image taken from f. 3 of Bibliotheca histo... More

Image from BL Arundel 93, f. 143

Image from BL Arundel 93, f. 143

Image taken from f. 143 of Bibliotheca historiarum, in the translation of Poggio Bracciolini. Written in Latin.

Image from BL Arundel 93, f. 140

Image from BL Arundel 93, f. 140

Image taken from f. 140 of Bibliotheca historiarum, in the translation of Poggio Bracciolini. Written in Latin.

Image from BL Arundel 93, f. 147v

Image from BL Arundel 93, f. 147v

Image taken from f. 147v of Bibliotheca historiarum, in the translation of Poggio Bracciolini. Written in Latin.

Detail from BL Arundel 93, f. 3

Detail from BL Arundel 93, f. 3

Detail of illuminated initial. Image taken from f. 3 of Bibliotheca historiarum, in the translation of Poggio Bracciolini. Written in Latin.

Birds from BL Arundel 93, f. 129

Birds from BL Arundel 93, f. 129

Detail of historiated initial 'C'(onstitui), made of branches, set in a landscape with birds. Image taken from f. 129 of Bibliotheca historiarum, in the translation of Poggio Bracciolini. Written in Latin.

Image from BL Arundel 93, f. 157v

Image from BL Arundel 93, f. 157v

Image taken from f. 157v of Bibliotheca historiarum, in the translation of Poggio Bracciolini. Written in Latin.

Image from BL Arundel 93, f. 153v

Image from BL Arundel 93, f. 153v

Image taken from f. 153v of Bibliotheca historiarum, in the translation of Poggio Bracciolini. Written in Latin.

Image from BL Arundel 93, f. 138

Image from BL Arundel 93, f. 138

Image taken from f. 138 of Bibliotheca historiarum, in the translation of Poggio Bracciolini. Written in Latin.

Image from BL Arundel 93, f. 145

Image from BL Arundel 93, f. 145

Image taken from f. 145 of Bibliotheca historiarum, in the translation of Poggio Bracciolini. Written in Latin.

Image from BL Arundel 93, f. 157

Image from BL Arundel 93, f. 157

Image taken from f. 157 of Bibliotheca historiarum, in the translation of Poggio Bracciolini. Written in Latin.

Image from BL Arundel 93, f. 159v

Image from BL Arundel 93, f. 159v

Image taken from f. 159v of Bibliotheca historiarum, in the translation of Poggio Bracciolini. Written in Latin.

Image from BL Arundel 93, f. 148v

Image from BL Arundel 93, f. 148v

Image taken from f. 148v of Bibliotheca historiarum, in the translation of Poggio Bracciolini. Written in Latin.

Puzzle initial from BL Arundel 93, f. 48

Puzzle initial from BL Arundel 93, f. 48

Detail of puzzle initial. Image taken from f. 48 of Bibliotheca historiarum, in the translation of Poggio Bracciolini. Written in Latin.

Image from BL Arundel 93, f. 143v

Image from BL Arundel 93, f. 143v

Image taken from f. 143v of Bibliotheca historiarum, in the translation of Poggio Bracciolini. Written in Latin.

Image from BL Arundel 93, f. 141

Image from BL Arundel 93, f. 141

Image taken from f. 141 of Bibliotheca historiarum, in the translation of Poggio Bracciolini. Written in Latin.

Image from BL Arundel 93, f. 154

Image from BL Arundel 93, f. 154

Image taken from f. 154 of Bibliotheca historiarum, in the translation of Poggio Bracciolini. Written in Latin.

Puzzle initial from BL Arundel 93, ff. 91v-92

Puzzle initial from BL Arundel 93, ff. 91v-92

Cadels and puzzle initial. Image taken from ff. 91v-92 of Bibliotheca historiarum, in the translation of Poggio Bracciolini. Written in Latin.

Image from BL Arundel 93, f. 146v

Image from BL Arundel 93, f. 146v

Image taken from f. 146v of Bibliotheca historiarum, in the translation of Poggio Bracciolini. Written in Latin.

Puzzle initial from BL Arundel 93, f. 32

Puzzle initial from BL Arundel 93, f. 32

Puzzle initial 'S'. Image taken from f. 32 of Bibliotheca historiarum, in the translation of Poggio Bracciolini. Written in Latin.

[Portolan chart of the Mediterranean Sea ca. 1320-1350 : manuscript chart of the Mediterranean and Black seas on vellum].

[Portolan chart of the Mediterranean Sea ca. 1320-1350 : manuscript ch...

Anonymous nautical chart in portolan style probably drawn in Genoa. Covers Mediterranean Sea from the Balearic Islands to the Levantine coast; also covers western part of Black Sea. Oldest original cartographic... More

清  佚名  中國地圖  屏風|Map of China
Karta Chernago moria iz portolana Gratioza Beninkazy 1474 g. Tekst str.15
[World map by Ptolemy]

[World map by Ptolemy]

Title devised by Library staff. Illus. in: Claudii Ptholemei Alexandrini philosophi Cosmographia. Rome : Arnoldus Buckinck, 10 Oct. (VI Idus Octobris) 1478. Published in: The tradition of technology : Landmarks... More

Map of the World, German 15th century
Maps from BL Arundel 93, ff. 147v-148

Maps from BL Arundel 93, ff. 147v-148

Miniatures of maps of the islands of Patmos, Dipsa, Crousia, and Icaria and Mandria, illustrating sections 48-52. Image taken from ff. 147v-148 of Liber insularum archipelagi. Written in Latin.

Quarta Europe tabula continet Germaniam - Vintage map, Norman B. Leventhal Collection
Quarta Asiae taubla continet Cyprum & Syrium & Iudea & vtraq. Arabia petream & deserta ac Mesopotamia & Babilonia
Maps from BL Arundel 93, ff. 148v-149

Maps from BL Arundel 93, ff. 148v-149

Miniatures of maps of the islands of Phormachi and Agathousa, Samos, and the Fourni, illustrating sections 53-55. Image taken from ff. 148v-149 of Liber insularum archipelagi. Written in Latin.

Maps from BL Arundel 93, f. 149v

Maps from BL Arundel 93, f. 149v

Miniatures of maps of the islands of Tenosa and Psara, illustrating sections 56-57. Image taken from f. 149v of Liber insularum archipelagi. Written in Latin.

Maps from BL Arundel 93, ff. 145v-146

Maps from BL Arundel 93, ff. 145v-146

Miniatures of maps. Image taken from ff. 145v-146 of Liber insularum archipelagi. Written in Latin.

Nona Asie tabula continet Ariam & Paropanisadas & Drangianam & Arachosia & Gedrosiam
Indie interioris civitates decima Asia tabula continet India int. Gangem

Indie interioris civitates decima Asia tabula continet India int. Gang...

Decima Asia tabula continet India int. Gangem Courtesy of Boston Public Library

Maps from BL Arundel 93, ff. 155v-156

Maps from BL Arundel 93, ff. 155v-156

Miniatures of maps of the islands of 'Marmora' and 'Calomina'. Image taken from ff. 155v-156 of Liber insularum archipelagi. Written in Latin.

Maps from BL Arundel 93, ff. 146v-147

Maps from BL Arundel 93, ff. 146v-147

Miniatures of maps. Image taken from ff. 146v-147 of Liber insularum archipelagi. Written in Latin.

Septima Asia tabula continet Margianam, Bactrianam, Sogdianos, Sacas & Scythiam intra Imaū mōtē
Duodecima et Ultima Asie tabula continet Taprobana insulam cum certeris insulis adiacentibus
Octava Asie tabula continet Scythiam que citra Imaū est & seras
Secunda Affrice tabula continet Affricam & insulae que circa ipsam sunt
Prima Asie Tabula : continet pontum & Bithiniã et regionem q̃, pprie Asya dicitur ac lyciam & Gallaciam ac Pamphiliam & Cappadociam Armeniam minorem & Syliciam

Prima Asie Tabula : continet pontum & Bithiniã et regionem q̃, pprie ...

Asie maioris tabule decem quarum prima Courtesy of Boston Public Library

Quarta et Ultima Affrice tabula continet interiorem Libyã Ethyopiam q̄ sub Egypto ẽ & q̃ est interius cũ insulis ei adiacentibus
Affrice Tabule Quatuor : Prima Libie tabula continet ambas Mauritanias
Sexta Asie tabula continet Arabiam, Felice atq[ue] Carmania cu adiacentibus insulis
Secunda Asie tabula continet Sarmatia ipsius - Vintage map, Norman B. Leventhal Collection
The world - Vintage map, Norman B. Leventhal Collection

The world - Vintage map, Norman B. Leventhal Collection

The classical Greek and Roman world view is known to us through the writings of Claudius Ptolemy, a 2nd century A.D. astronomer, mathematician, and geographer who lived in Alexandria, Egypt. Although his origin... More

[Scandinavia] - Vintage map, Norman B. Leventhal Collection
Maps from BL Arundel 93, ff. 158v-159

Maps from BL Arundel 93, ff. 158v-159

Miniatures of maps. Image taken from ff. 158v-159 of Liber insularum archipelagi. Written in Latin.

[Frantia] - Vintage map, Norman B. Leventhal Collection

[Frantia] - Vintage map, Norman B. Leventhal Collection

France Courtesy of Boston Public Library

Tertia Affrice tabula continet Cyrenainaycam & Egyptum cum adiacentibus insulis
Plurime Sunt regiones que quidem singule singulis rebus excellere videntur
Septima Europa tabula continet Sardininiam & Sicilia insulas
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