lewis w hine

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A spinner in the Mollahan Mills, Newberry, S.C. Dec. 3/08. Witness, Sara R. Hine.  Location: Newberry, South Carolina / Photo by Lewis W. Hine.

A spinner in the Mollahan Mills, Newberry, S.C. Dec. 3/08. Witness, Sa...

Picryl description: Public domain image of a factory, plant, manufacture, assembly line, industrial facility, early 20th-century industrial architecture, free to use, no copyright restrictions.

Frank F. Gibson, 1305 Linden St. Western Union Telegraph Co. Messenger No. 7. 14 years of age. 1 year in service. Visits houses of prostitution. Guides soldiers to segregated district. Smokes. Still at school and works from 8:30 P.M. to 12:30 A.M. Investigator, Edward F. Brown.  Location: Wilmington, Delaware / Photo by Louis [i.e. Lewis] W. Hine, May, 1910.

Frank F. Gibson, 1305 Linden St. Western Union Telegraph Co. Messenger...

Picryl description: Public domain vintage artistic photograph, free to use, no copyright restrictions image.

Ellis Island Immigrant Portraits

Ellis Island Immigrant Portraits

Hine, Lewis Wickes .Arbeidere portrettert under oppføringen av Empire State Building. New York. .NMFF.003710

This is where the mill children live. Compare photo 342. Lancaster, S.C. Location: Lancaster, South Carolina

This is where the mill children live. Compare photo 342. Lancaster, S....

Title from NCLC caption card. Attribution to Hine based on provenance. In album: Mills. Hine no. 341. Question mark in front of date on caption card. Credit line: National Child Labor Committee collection, Libr... More

Ellis Island Immigrant Portraits

Ellis Island Immigrant Portraits

Hine, Lewis Wickes.Slovak gra..h- Elis Is-1905.Slavic Mother & Child, Ellis Island (George Eastman House).Portrait of three women and a baby. Just arrived to Ellis Island along with hundreds of other immigrant... More

Ellis Island Immigrant Portraits

Ellis Island Immigrant Portraits

Hine, Lewis Wickes..Portrait of an Italian mother and child. Just arrived at Ellis Island along with hundreds of other immigrants that day. In search of a better life..USA 1905.."Lewis Hine, Passionate journey.... More

Printer, gelatin silver photograph - Public domain portrait photograph

Printer, gelatin silver photograph - Public domain portrait photograph

Public domain image of musical performance, piano music, keyboard instrument, pianist, free to use, no copyright restrictions image - Picryl description

Ellis Island Immigrant Portraits

Ellis Island Immigrant Portraits

Hine, Lewis Wickes.Portrait of a mother and child. Just arrived at Ellis Island along with hundreds of other immigrants that day. In search of a better life. USA 1905..This image, an iconic and evocative mother... More

[Bowery Bread Line], gelatin silver print

[Bowery Bread Line], gelatin silver print

Public domain photograph of Lewis W. Hine. America in the 1920s, no copyright restrictions image - Picryl description

Boys, carrying home Firewood from Factory. Cincinnati. Aug. 1908. Location: Cincinnati, Ohio. Photo by ...

Boys, carrying home Firewood from Factory. Cincinnati. Aug. 1908. Loca...

Title from NCLC caption card. Attribution to Hine based on provenance. In album: Mills. Hine no. 39. Text cut off at bottom of caption card. Credit line: National Child Labor Committee collection, Library of Co... More

Girl - Baner? Carswell. Been in mill 4 years. 12 years old. Runs 6 sides = 60 cents a day. Soon will run 8 = 80 cents a day. Father said "the wife of neighbor made $7.40 last week, $1.40 more than her husband. Women and girls makes more than the men." Child 8 yrs. old helps sister. Location: Gastonia, North Carolina

Girl - Baner? Carswell. Been in mill 4 years. 12 years old. Runs 6 sid...

Title from NCLC caption card. Attribution to Hine based on provenance. In album: Mills. Hine no. 274. Credit line: National Child Labor Committee collection, Library of Congress, Prints and Photographs Division... More

Girls and Boys Going Home from Indianapolis Tile Works. Aug. 1908. Wit. E.N. Clopper. Location: Indianapolis, Indiana

Girls and Boys Going Home from Indianapolis Tile Works. Aug. 1908. Wit...

Title from NCLC caption card. Attribution to Hine based on provenance. In album: Miscellaneous. Hine no. 109. Credit line: National Child Labor Committee collection, Library of Congress, Prints and Photographs ... More

Springstein Mill, Chester, S.C. Malcolm Rogers (Boy with hat) 54 inches high. Been in mill 3 years. Started at 25 cents and now makes $1.00 a day. Spins part time and doffer part time. Other boy goes to school and helps in mill afternoons and Saturdays. Witness S.R. Hine. Location: Chester, South Carolina

Springstein Mill, Chester, S.C. Malcolm Rogers (Boy with hat) 54 inche...

Title from NCLC caption card. Attribution to Hine based on provenance. In album: Mills. Hine no. 329. Credit line: National Child Labor Committee collection, Library of Congress, Prints and Photographs Division... More

Holland Mfg. Co., Gastonia, N.C. 8:00 P.M. Mill running nights.  Location: Gastonia, North Carolina / Photo by Lewis W. Hine.

Holland Mfg. Co., Gastonia, N.C. 8:00 P.M. Mill running nights. Locat...

Public domain image of an arch structure, bridge, historic place ruins, classical architecture, free to use, no copyright restrictions - Picryl description

(Right hand boy) John Campbell, (Box 294, Gastonia, N.C.) 10 years old. Been three years in mill. In school part of this time. (Left hand boy) Roy Little. Said 12 years old. 2 years in mill and worked nights 9 months. Doffer. Location: Gastonia, North Carolina

(Right hand boy) John Campbell, (Box 294, Gastonia, N.C.) 10 years old...

Title from NCLC caption card. Attribution to Hine based on provenance. In album: Mills. Hine no. 253. Credit line: National Child Labor Committee collection, Library of Congress, Prints and Photographs Division... More

On streets near Daniel Mill. Lincolnton, N.C. Right hand boy--Dan Biggerstaff. 10 years old. Has worked 3 years. Goes to school now (he says). Left hand, John Erwin. Said 11 years old. Has worked nights. Location: Lincolnton, North Carolina

On streets near Daniel Mill. Lincolnton, N.C. Right hand boy--Dan Bigg...

Title from NCLC caption card. Attribution to Hine based on provenance. In album: Mills. Hine no. 290. Credit line: National Child Labor Committee collection, Library of Congress, Prints and Photographs Division... More

Group of Miners, Drivers and Trapper. Macdonald, West Virginia., Mine. Oct. 1908. Witness E.N. Clopper. Location: MacDonald, West Virginia

Group of Miners, Drivers and Trapper. Macdonald, West Virginia., Mine....

Title from NCLC caption card. Attribution to Hine based on provenance. In album: Coal mines. Hine no. 145. Credit line: National Child Labor Committee collection, Library of Congress, Prints and Photographs Div... More

"Teaching the young idea." The Boss (who began at 10 years of age, and has been at it for 30 years) showing a beginner (who is apparently 9 or 10) See 169. Location: Morgantown, West Virginia

"Teaching the young idea." The Boss (who began at 10 years of age, and...

Title from NCLC caption card. Attribution to Hine based on provenance. In album: Glass factories. Hine no. 183. Credit line: National Child Labor Committee collection, Library of Congress, Prints and Photograph... More

Salisbury, (N.C.) Cotton Mill. A game of marbles. All these boys work in the mill. Location: Salisbury, North Carolina Photo by Lewis W. Hine

Salisbury, (N.C.) Cotton Mill. A game of marbles. All these boys work ...

Title from NCLC caption card. In album: Mills. Hine no. 432. Credit line: National Child Labor Committee collection, Library of Congress, Prints and Photographs Division. General information about the National ... More

A few of the girls going home from Loray mill, Gastonia, N.C. Many others younger. Location: Gastonia, North Carolina

A few of the girls going home from Loray mill, Gastonia, N.C. Many oth...

Title from NCLC caption card. Attribution to Hine based on provenance. In album: Mills. Hine no. 258. Credit line: National Child Labor Committee collection, Library of Congress, Prints and Photographs Division... More

Dickson Mill, Laurinburg, N.C. Robert Black, (smallest) 1 year in mill. John Black, (next) 2 years in mill. Charlie Clark--4 years. Earl Lander--Beginning. Witness, S.R. Hine. Location: Laurinburg, North Carolina

Dickson Mill, Laurinburg, N.C. Robert Black, (smallest) 1 year in mill...

Title from NCLC caption card. Attribution to Hine based on provenance. In album: Mills. Hine no. 415. Credit line: National Child Labor Committee collection, Library of Congress, Prints and Photographs Division... More

Girls running warping machines in Loray mill, Gastonia, N.C. Many boys and girls much younger. Boss carefully avoided them, and when I tried to get a photo which would include a mite of a boy working at a machine, he was quickly swept out of range. "He isn't working here, just came in to help a little." Location: Gastonia, North Carolina

Girls running warping machines in Loray mill, Gastonia, N.C. Many boys...

Title from NCLC caption card. Attribution to Hine based on provenance. In album: Mills. Hine no. 246. Credit line: National Child Labor Committee collection, Library of Congress, Prints and Photographs Division... More

Jamie Sherley, (girl) Wylie Mills, Chester, S.C. Been in mill 6 years. Ambro Sherley--11 years old. Been in mill over 1 year. Location: Chester, South Carolina

Jamie Sherley, (girl) Wylie Mills, Chester, S.C. Been in mill 6 years....

Title from NCLC caption card. Attribution to Hine based on provenance. In album: Mills. Hine no. 322. Credit line: National Child Labor Committee collection, Library of Congress, Prints and Photographs Division... More

Men with Foot Mold and Boys. A West Virginia Glass Works. Location: West Virginia

Men with Foot Mold and Boys. A West Virginia Glass Works. Location: We...

Title from NCLC caption card. Attribution to Hine based on provenance. In album: Glass factories. Hine no. 187. Credit line: National Child Labor Committee collection, Library of Congress, Prints and Photograph... More

Will Morrill, Wylie Mill; Chester, S.C. Been in mill 5 years. Location: Chester, South Carolina

Will Morrill, Wylie Mill; Chester, S.C. Been in mill 5 years. Location...

Title from NCLC caption card. Attribution to Hine based on provenance. In album: Mills. Hine no. 320. Credit line: National Child Labor Committee collection, Library of Congress, Prints and Photographs Division... More

Boys at Lehr glass works. Location: West Virginia

Boys at Lehr glass works. Location: West Virginia

Title from NCLC caption card. Attribution to Hine based on provenance. In album: Glass factories. Hine no. 68. No city recorded on caption card. Credit line: National Child Labor Committee collection, Library o... More

View of Clinton Mills (S.C.) Superintendent would not allow me to take photos in mill. Many youngsters employed. See photos Nos. 359 and 375. Dec. 2, 1908. Witness, Sara R. Hine. Location: Clinton, South Carolina Photo by Lewis W. Hine

View of Clinton Mills (S.C.) Superintendent would not allow me to take...

Title from NCLC caption card. In album: Mills. Hine no. 373. Credit line: National Child Labor Committee collection, Library of Congress, Prints and Photographs Division. General information about the National ... More

Group of boys working in Lancaster S.C. Cotton mills. Smallest boy said he had worked in the mill off and on for five years. Spins now. Location: Lancaster, South Carolina

Group of boys working in Lancaster S.C. Cotton mills. Smallest boy sai...

Title from NCLC caption card. Attribution to Hine based on provenance. In album: Mills. Hine no. 336. Credit line: National Child Labor Committee collection, Library of Congress, Prints and Photographs Division... More

View of Scotland Mills, Laurinburg, N.C. All these boys work in mill. Sunday, Dec. 608. Witness, Sara R. Hine. Location: Laurinburg, North Carolina Photo by Lewis W. Hine

View of Scotland Mills, Laurinburg, N.C. All these boys work in mill. ...

Title from NCLC caption card. In album: Mills. Hine no. 419. Credit line: National Child Labor Committee collection, Library of Congress, Prints and Photographs Division. General information about the National ... More

Closing Hour, 3 p.m. Trenton Mills, Gastonia, N.C. Zoe Lanier. Help sister in mill. Location: Gastonia, North Carolina

Closing Hour, 3 p.m. Trenton Mills, Gastonia, N.C. Zoe Lanier. Help si...

Title from NCLC caption card. Attribution to Hine based on provenance. In album: Mills. Hine no. 242. Credit line: National Child Labor Committee collection, Library of Congress, Prints and Photographs Division... More

The Lancaster Cotton Mills S.C. One of the worst places I have found for child labor. Location: Lancaster, South Carolina

The Lancaster Cotton Mills S.C. One of the worst places I have found f...

Title from NCLC caption card. Attribution to Hine based on provenance. In album: Mills. Hine no. 352. Credit line: National Child Labor Committee collection, Library of Congress, Prints and Photographs Division... More

Tipple at Turkey Knob Mine, Macdonald, West Virginia. Bank Boss in centre. Location: MacDonald, West Virginia

Tipple at Turkey Knob Mine, Macdonald, West Virginia. Bank Boss in cen...

Title from NCLC caption card. Attribution to Hine based on provenance. In album: Coal mines. Hine no. 144. Credit line: National Child Labor Committee collection, Library of Congress, Prints and Photographs Div... More

Daniel Mfg. Co., Lincolnton, N.C. Four doffers. Boy on left end (knee pants) said he had worked in mills for 7 years and some nights. At nights they work 12 hours, without any hour off for lunch. Eat when they can. Some of them "eat a-workin'." Location: Lincolnton, North Carolina

Daniel Mfg. Co., Lincolnton, N.C. Four doffers. Boy on left end (knee ...

Title from NCLC caption card. Attribution to Hine based on provenance. In album: Mills. Hine no. 283. Credit line: National Child Labor Committee collection, Library of Congress, Prints and Photographs Division... More

View of Scotland Mills, Laurinburg, N.C. All these boys work in mill. Sunday, Dec. 6/08. Witness, Sara R. Hine.  Location: Laurinburg, North Carolina / Photo by Lewis W. Hine.

View of Scotland Mills, Laurinburg, N.C. All these boys work in mill. ...

Picryl description: Public domain photo of a factory, warehouse, commercial or industrial building, free to use, no copyright restrictions image.

Maple Mill, Dillon, S.C. Etta Squires,--12 years old. Been in mill 3 years. Runs 5 sides. Mother was very proud of this. She own two houses and doesn't work in the mill herself. Location: Dillon, South Carolina

Maple Mill, Dillon, S.C. Etta Squires,--12 years old. Been in mill 3 y...

Title from NCLC caption card. Attribution to Hine based on provenance. In album: Mills. Hine no. 387. Credit line: National Child Labor Committee collection, Library of Congress, Prints and Photographs Division... More

Cherryville Mfg. Co., Cherryville, N.C. Plenty of young boys and girls. Location: Cherryville, North Carolina

Cherryville Mfg. Co., Cherryville, N.C. Plenty of young boys and girls...

Title from NCLC caption card. Attribution to Hine based on provenance. In album: Mills. Hine no. 293. Credit line: National Child Labor Committee collection, Library of Congress, Prints and Photographs Division... More

Interior of cotton mill. Location: Newton, North Carolina

Interior of cotton mill. Location: Newton, North Carolina

Title from NCLC caption card. Attribution to Hine based on provenance. In album: Mills. Hine no. 467. Credit line: National Child Labor Committee collection, Library of Congress, Prints and Photographs Division... More

Slide No. 404. Smallest girl, runs and 4 sides, been in this mill for 3 years. The oldest girl said she goes to school but couldn't spell her own name

Slide No. 404. Smallest girl, runs and 4 sides, been in this mill for ...

Title from NCLC caption card. Attribution to Hine based on provenance. In album: Mills. Hine no. 404. No location or date recorded on caption card. Date based on date recorded on cards for photos with neighbori... More

Newberry Mills, (S.C.) Noon hour. Dec. 3, 08. Witness Sara R. Hine.  Location: Newberry, South Carolina / Photo by Lewis W. Hine.

Newberry Mills, (S.C.) Noon hour. Dec. 3, 08. Witness Sara R. Hine. L...

Picryl description: Public domain image of child labor, exploitation, children workers, economic conditions, free to use, no copyright restrictions.

Newberry Mills, (S.C.) Noon hour. Dec. 3, 08. Witness Sara R. Hine. Location: Newberry, South Carolina Photo by Lewis W. Hine

Newberry Mills, (S.C.) Noon hour. Dec. 3, 08. Witness Sara R. Hine. Lo...

Title from NCLC caption card. In album: Mills. Hine no. 380. Credit line: National Child Labor Committee collection, Library of Congress, Prints and Photographs Division. General information about the National ... More

Wylie Mill, Chester, S.C. Girl at end of porch Daisy Estis (Couldn't spell her name) Worked 2 years. other two not in the mill. No school within reach. All chewed tobacco. Location: Chester, South Carolina

Wylie Mill, Chester, S.C. Girl at end of porch Daisy Estis (Couldn't s...

Title from NCLC caption card. Attribution to Hine based on provenance. In album: Mills. Hine no. 318. Credit line: National Child Labor Committee collection, Library of Congress, Prints and Photographs Division... More

Drift Mouth, San Lick Mine, near Grafton, West Virginia. Bank Boss in centre: driver on his right: trapper boy outside. Alfred, about 14. He trapped several years during vacation: said he is going to school this year: asked if it were because school is more fun he said. "This yere hain't no fun!". Location: Grafton, West Virginia

Drift Mouth, San Lick Mine, near Grafton, West Virginia. Bank Boss in ...

Title from NCLC caption card. Attribution to Hine based on provenance. In album: Coal mines. Hine no. 140. Credit line: National Child Labor Committee collection, Library of Congress, Prints and Photographs Div... More

Noon hour, Ivey mill, Hickory, N.C. Location: Hickory, North Carolina. Photo by ...

Noon hour, Ivey mill, Hickory, N.C. Location: Hickory, North Carolina....

Title from NCLC caption card. Attribution to Hine based on provenance. In album: Mills. Hine no. 281. After "photo by" the text is cut off on caption card. Credit line: National Child Labor Committee collection... More

Driver Boy, Barnesville, Mine. Location: Fairmont, West Virginia

Driver Boy, Barnesville, Mine. Location: Fairmont, West Virginia

Title from NCLC caption card. Attribution to Hine based on provenance. In album: Coal mines. Hine no. 192. Credit line: National Child Labor Committee collection, Library of Congress, Prints and Photographs Div... More

Ellis Island Immigrant Portraits

Ellis Island Immigrant Portraits

Hine, Lewis Wickes.Boy with coat in hand is 11 years old. Been there 9 months. Started at 50 cents a day. Now gets 60 cents. Loray Mill. When I sweeps double space I gets 90 cents a day, but it makes you work. ... More

John Ghent has worked at spinning for 1 year. Goes to school now. Been Sick. Lancaster, S.C. Cotton Mills. Location: Lancaster, South Carolina

John Ghent has worked at spinning for 1 year. Goes to school now. Been...

Title from NCLC caption card. Attribution to Hine based on provenance. In album: Mills. Hine no. 337. Credit line: National Child Labor Committee collection, Library of Congress, Prints and Photographs Division... More

Boy on right Charlie Burton-9, Ozark Mill. This anaemic sic, hollow chested, stoop shouldered under-sized and weight, said--"Been in mill 6 or 7 years. 12 years old. Haint grown none for 5 years. Doff at night and get 60 cents. Couldn't stand the sweepin' at the other mill, so mother moved us over here so I could get a job at doffin'." "Night work is 12 hours at a stretch." His sister (14 years old) has been spinning for 6 years. Makes 50 cents a day. (See small photo,--Maggie Burton). No. 315. Other boy--Frank Goodson--Been in mill 6 years. This mill was running nights at the time the photograph was taken. Location: Gastonia, North Carolina

Boy on right Charlie Burton-9, Ozark Mill. This anaemic sic, hollow ch...

Title from NCLC caption card. Attribution to Hine based on provenance. In album: Mills. Hine no. 277. Credit line: National Child Labor Committee collection, Library of Congress, Prints and Photographs Division... More

Dillon Mills, Dillon, S.C. Lizzie Davis, (smallest). Been in mill 2 years. Next--Nettie Arnet - Been in mill 8 years. Next--Monnie McCraney, been in mill 3 years. Next--Vater Arnet, been in mill 8 years. Next--Mattie Connor, spinners and Winders. Saturday, Dec. 5, 08. Location: Dillon, South Carolina Photo by Lewis W. Hine

Dillon Mills, Dillon, S.C. Lizzie Davis, (smallest). Been in mill 2 ye...

Title from NCLC caption card. In album: Mills. Hine no. 397. Credit line: National Child Labor Committee collection, Library of Congress, Prints and Photographs Division. General information about the National ... More

Noon hour. Muncie Wheel & Jobbing Co. Most of the boys were gone home to dinner. Location: Muncie, Indiana

Noon hour. Muncie Wheel & Jobbing Co. Most of the boys were gone home ...

Title from NCLC caption card. Attribution to Hine based on provenance. In album: Miscellaneous. Hine no. 224. Credit line: National Child Labor Committee collection, Library of Congress, Prints and Photographs ... More

Melville Mfg. Co., Cherryville, N.C. Smallest chap said he had been in mill for 2 years. Many youngster here. Location: Cherryville, North Carolina

Melville Mfg. Co., Cherryville, N.C. Smallest chap said he had been in...

Title from NCLC caption card. Attribution to Hine based on provenance. In album: Mills. Hine no. 297. Credit line: National Child Labor Committee collection, Library of Congress, Prints and Photographs Division... More

Mannington Glass Works. Uses no small boys (below 15): These are average: manager said they do not believe in working boys that ought to be in school. Say it pays to use large boys, as they pay them same as small ones--$1 a day: employ 60 men and 30 boys 15 to 18 years: no young girls. Location: Mannington, West Virginia

Mannington Glass Works. Uses no small boys (below 15): These are avera...

Title from NCLC caption card. Attribution to Hine based on provenance. In album: Glass factories. Hine no. 173. Phrase "no young girls" is underlined on the caption card. Credit line: National Child Labor Commi... More

Newberry Mills, Newberry, S.C. Going home to dinner. Dec. 308. Witness Sara R. Hine. Location: Newberry, South Carolina Photo by Lewis W. Hine

Newberry Mills, Newberry, S.C. Going home to dinner. Dec. 308. Witness...

Title from NCLC caption card. In album: Mills. Hine no. 381. Credit line: National Child Labor Committee collection, Library of Congress, Prints and Photographs Division. General information about the National ... More

Daniel Mill, Lincolnton, N.C. Group of women and two girls. Shows type of adolescent.  Location: Lincolnton, North Carolina / Photo by Lewis W. Hine.

Daniel Mill, Lincolnton, N.C. Group of women and two girls. Shows type...

Public domain image of personnel, army, group of people in uniform, parade, historic place, military activity, free to use, no copyright restrictions - Picryl description

Willie Crocker, (barefoot) Wylie Mill, Chester, S.C. 13 years old-- "worked since I was 6 years old." Lost part of finger in gear of machinery. Fred Crocker--11 years old. 1 year in mill. Location: Chester, South Carolina

Willie Crocker, (barefoot) Wylie Mill, Chester, S.C. 13 years old-- "w...

Title from NCLC caption card. Attribution to Hine based on provenance. In album: Mills. Hine no. 324. Credit line: National Child Labor Committee collection, Library of Congress, Prints and Photographs Division... More

National Child Labor Committee. No. 435. Flashlight photo of children on night shift going to work at 6 P.M. on a cold, dark December night. They do not come out again until 6:00 A.M. When they went home the next morning they were all drenched by a heavy, cold rain and had few or no wraps. Two of the smaller girls with three other sisters work on night shift and support a big, lazy father who complains he is not well enough to work. He loafs around the country store. Location: Whitnel, North Carolina

National Child Labor Committee. No. 435. Flashlight photo of children ...

Title from NCLC caption card. Attribution to Hine based on provenance. In album: Mills. Hine no. 435. Notation indicates information on verso, but no continuation text found. Credit line: National Child Labor C... More

A Saturday ball game. Springstein Mills, Chester, S.C. Boy with glove, Malcom Rogers. (See photo 329). Next to him - Ben Deaton--12 years old. 52 inches high. Weaver. Runs 6 looms at $1.00 a day. 2 years in mill. I asked him if it wasn't hard work. "Hardest part if it is I have to stretch so much to reach up." (Tallest boy) John Lewis--12 years old. 1 yr. in mill. Weaves--4 looms. Got 40 cents to start. 60 cents now a day. Brother and father in mills. Nov. 28/08 Witness Sara R. Hine.  Location: Chester, South Carolina / Photo by Lewis W. Hine.

A Saturday ball game. Springstein Mills, Chester, S.C. Boy with glove,...

Picryl description: Public domain image of an 18th-19th century military conflict, armed forces, infantry, militia, free to use, no copyright restrictions.

View of Clinton Mills (S.C.) Superintendent would not allow me to take photos in mill. Many youngsters employed. See photos Nos. 359 and 375. Dec. 2, 1908. Witness, Sara R. Hine.  Location: Clinton, South Carolina / Photo by Lewis W. Hine.

View of Clinton Mills (S.C.) Superintendent would not allow me to take...

Picryl description: Public domain image of child labor, exploitation, children workers, economic conditions, free to use, no copyright restrictions.

Glue Room, N.Y. Dimension Supply Co., Evansville, Ind. Oct. 1908. Location: Evansville, Indiana

Glue Room, N.Y. Dimension Supply Co., Evansville, Ind. Oct. 1908. Loca...

Title from NCLC caption card. Attribution to Hine based on provenance. In album: Miscellaneous. Hine no. 197. Credit line: National Child Labor Committee collection, Library of Congress, Prints and Photographs ... More

Boys going home from Glass Works, Monongah Glass Works, Fairmont, West Virginia. Location: Fairmont, West Virginia

Boys going home from Glass Works, Monongah Glass Works, Fairmont, West...

Title from NCLC caption card. Attribution to Hine based on provenance. In album: Glass factories. Hine no. 189. Credit line: National Child Labor Committee collection, Library of Congress, Prints and Photograph... More

Tallest boy Johnnie Younts, 72 Kirk Street. Works in Salisbury Mills, N.C. Has worked in cotton mill for 8 years. Began at 7 years old. When can he get any education? Other boy one year in mill. Location: Salisbury, North Carolina

Tallest boy Johnnie Younts, 72 Kirk Street. Works in Salisbury Mills, ...

Title from NCLC caption card. Attribution to Hine based on provenance. In album: Mills. Hine no. 421. Credit line: National Child Labor Committee collection, Library of Congress, Prints and Photographs Division... More

Bob Burton, Gastonia, N.C. 15 years old. A typical adolescent, overgrown, thin, anaemic sic. Been in mill for 8 years. Doffing still in Ozark Mills. Gastonia, North Carolina

Bob Burton, Gastonia, N.C. 15 years old. A typical adolescent, overgro...

Title from NCLC caption card. Attribution to Hine based on provenance. In album: Mills. Hine no. 240. Credit line: National Child Labor Committee collection, Library of Congress, Prints and Photographs Division... More

A spinner in Cycle Cotton Mill, Newton, N.C. She was 49 inches high. Been there "bout 2 years." 50 operatives and there were 10 children that looked to be under 12 years of age. Location: Newton, North Carolina

A spinner in Cycle Cotton Mill, Newton, N.C. She was 49 inches high. B...

Title from NCLC caption card. Attribution to Hine based on provenance. In album: Mills. Hine no. 452. Credit line: National Child Labor Committee collection, Library of Congress, Prints and Photographs Division... More

Salisbury, (N.C.) Cotton Mills. Hugh Dedman, 50 Hill St. Salisbury, N.C. Been doffing 2 or 3 years. Location: Salisbury, North Carolina

Salisbury, (N.C.) Cotton Mills. Hugh Dedman, 50 Hill St. Salisbury, N....

Title from NCLC caption card. Attribution to Hine based on provenance. In album: Mills. Hine no. 431. Credit line: National Child Labor Committee collection, Library of Congress, Prints and Photographs Division... More

Girls working in Springstein Mills, Chester, S.C. Zetella Gallman (by window) (looked 15 years old). Has worked 2 years. Both girls in middle said they had been in mill 8 years. Witness Sara R. Hine. Location: Chester, South Carolina

Girls working in Springstein Mills, Chester, S.C. Zetella Gallman (by ...

Title from NCLC caption card. Attribution to Hine based on provenance. In album: Mills. Hine no. 326. Credit line: National Child Labor Committee collection, Library of Congress, Prints and Photographs Division... More

Ellis Island Immigrant Portraits

Ellis Island Immigrant Portraits

Hine, Lewis Wickes.Flashlight photo of children on night shift going to work at 6. P.M. on a cold dark December night. They do not come out again until 6:00 A.M..Childworkers on their way to a night shift at Wh... More

Girls employed in a Paper Box factory Cincinnati. Going out for things to help out their lunch.  Location: Cincinnati, Ohio.

Girls employed in a Paper Box factory Cincinnati. Going out for things...

Title from NCLC caption card. Attribution to Hine based on provenance. In album: Mills. Hine no. 34. Credit line: National Child Labor Committee collection, Library of Congress, Prints and Photographs Division.... More

A spinner in the Mollahan Mills, Newberry, S.C. Dec. 308. Witness, Sara R. Hine. Location: Newberry, South Carolina Photo by Lewis W. Hine

A spinner in the Mollahan Mills, Newberry, S.C. Dec. 308. Witness, Sar...

Title from NCLC caption card. In album: Mills. Hine no. 379. Credit line: National Child Labor Committee collection, Library of Congress, Prints and Photographs Division. General information about the National ... More

Eugene Bell, House 48 Loray Mill. Said he was 12 years old. (question). "Leastwise that's what mother says." (I am convinced that many children believe they are as old as they say they are,--their parents have misstated their ages so long.) Worked most two years--sweeping. Location: Gastonia, North Carolina

Eugene Bell, House 48 Loray Mill. Said he was 12 years old. (question)...

Title from NCLC caption card. Attribution to Hine based on provenance. In album: Mills. Hine no. 247. Credit line: National Child Labor Committee collection, Library of Congress, Prints and Photographs Division... More

Willie Lee, 24 Ozark Mill, Gastonia, N.C. 10 years old. Been in mill 2 months. Doffer. Location: Gastonia, North Carolina

Willie Lee, 24 Ozark Mill, Gastonia, N.C. 10 years old. Been in mill 2...

Title from NCLC caption card. Attribution to Hine based on provenance. In album: Mills. Hine no. 273. Credit line: National Child Labor Committee collection, Library of Congress, Prints and Photographs Division... More

Cherryville Mfg. Co., Cherryville, N.C. A few of the workers. Location: Cherryville, North Carolina

Cherryville Mfg. Co., Cherryville, N.C. A few of the workers. Location...

Title from NCLC caption card. Attribution to Hine based on provenance. In album: Miscellaneous. Hine no. 294. Credit line: National Child Labor Committee collection, Library of Congress, Prints and Photographs ... More

Ozark Mill, Gastonia, N.C. Work 12 hours at a stretch. No special time off to eat. "Eat a-workin'." 9:00 P.M. Friday, Nov. 6, 1908. Mill was running. Location: Gastonia, North Carolina Photo by Lewis W. Hine

Ozark Mill, Gastonia, N.C. Work 12 hours at a stretch. No special time...

Title from NCLC caption card. In album: Mills. Hine no. 285. Credit line: National Child Labor Committee collection, Library of Congress, Prints and Photographs Division. General information about the National ... More

Boys assisting at the Broom Machines. S. W. Brown Mfg. Co. Location: Evansville, Indiana

Boys assisting at the Broom Machines. S. W. Brown Mfg. Co. Location: E...

Title from NCLC caption card. Attribution to Hine based on provenance. In album: Miscellaneous. Hine no. 202. No text recorded on caption card after final comma. Credit line: National Child Labor Committee coll... More

Maple Mill, Dillon, S.C. Azy Warn--Winds. Stella Warn (little one) spins 4 sides. "Been at it a long time." Location: Dillon, South Carolina

Maple Mill, Dillon, S.C. Azy Warn--Winds. Stella Warn (little one) spi...

Title from NCLC caption card. Attribution to Hine based on provenance. In album: Mills. Hine no. 391. Credit line: National Child Labor Committee collection, Library of Congress, Prints and Photographs Division... More

A spinner in Clyde Cotton Mill, Newton, N.C.  Location: Newton, North Carolina / Photo by Lewis W. Hine.

A spinner in Clyde Cotton Mill, Newton, N.C. Location: Newton, North ...

Picryl description: Public domain image of a factory, plant, manufacture, assembly line, industrial facility, early 20th-century industrial architecture, free to use, no copyright restrictions.

A Saturday ball game. Springstein Mills, Chester, S.C. Boy with glove, Malcom Rogers. (See photo 329). Next to him - Ben Deaton--12 years old. 52 inches high. Weaver. Runs 6 looms at $1.00 a day. 2 years in mill. I asked him if it wasn't hard work. "Hardest part if it is I have to stretch so much to reach up." (Tallest boy) John Lewis--12 years old. 1 yr. in mill. Weaves--4 looms. Got 40 cents to start. 60 cents now a day. Brother and father in mills. Nov. 2808 Witness Sara R. Hine. Location: Chester, South Carolina Photo by Lewis W. Hine

A Saturday ball game. Springstein Mills, Chester, S.C. Boy with glove,...

Title from NCLC caption card. In album: Mills. Hine no. 330. Credit line: National Child Labor Committee collection, Library of Congress, Prints and Photographs Division. General information about the National ... More

Frank Craneshaw. Has doffed for 3 years in Lancaster Cotton Mills, S.C. Gets 75 cents a day. Location: Lancaster, South Carolina

Frank Craneshaw. Has doffed for 3 years in Lancaster Cotton Mills, S.C...

Title from NCLC caption card. Attribution to Hine based on provenance. In album: Mills. Hine no. 356. Credit line: National Child Labor Committee collection, Library of Congress, Prints and Photographs Division... More

Gastonia, N.C. Boy on right hand works nights. Sunday, November 9 i.e. 8?, 1908. This mill was running nights at the time this photograph was taken. Location: Gastonia, North Carolina Photo by Lewis W. Hine

Gastonia, N.C. Boy on right hand works nights. Sunday, November 9 i.e....

Title from NCLC caption card. In album: Mills. Hine no. 256. Date typed over several times on caption card. Sunday was Nov. 8, according to universal calendar. Credit line: National Child Labor Committee collec... More

Tipple & Elevator into shaft. Leads down to mine 200 ft. below. Gary Mine. Do more work by machinery than any mine in the state, yet have boys to trap and drive. They stay underground over 10 hrs. a day. 7 A.M. to 5 P.M. Location: Gary, West Virginia

Tipple & Elevator into shaft. Leads down to mine 200 ft. below. Gary M...

Title from NCLC caption card. Attribution to Hine based on provenance. In album: Coal mines. Hine no. 67. Credit line: National Child Labor Committee collection, Library of Congress, Prints and Photographs Divi... More

Noon hour, Singer Mfg. Co. Boys work there: girls carry lunch. Location: South Bend, Indiana

Noon hour, Singer Mfg. Co. Boys work there: girls carry lunch. Locatio...

Title from NCLC caption card. Attribution to Hine based on provenance. In album: Miscellaneous. Hine no. 227. Credit line: National Child Labor Committee collection, Library of Congress, Prints and Photographs ... More

Some of smaller "hands" on the night shift waiting for the whistle to blow. Whitnel N.C. Cotton Mill. The smallest boy and girl were about 50 inches high. One of the medium sized boys has doffed 4 years,--some at night. Get 60 cents a night. Smallest girl looked 10 years old. Been in mill 2 years. 12 year at night. Runs 8 sides part of the time. Photo by flashlight. Location: Whitnel, North Carolina

Some of smaller "hands" on the night shift waiting for the whistle to ...

Title from NCLC caption card. Attribution to Hine based on provenance. In album: Mills. Hine no. 436. Credit line: National Child Labor Committee collection, Library of Congress, Prints and Photographs Division... More

(Tallest) Sam Bigham, Eureka Cotton Mills. Been in mill 10 years. (Next) Washey Dover--Been in 3 years. (Next) Lloyd Barnado--2 years in mill. (Smallest) Ernst Floyd--10 years old, 52 inches high. Been in mill 2 years. Spins--60 cents a day. Witness S.R. Hine. Location: Chester, South Carolina

(Tallest) Sam Bigham, Eureka Cotton Mills. Been in mill 10 years. (Nex...

Title from NCLC caption card. Attribution to Hine based on provenance. In album: Mills. Hine no. 369. Credit line: National Child Labor Committee collection, Library of Congress, Prints and Photographs Division... More

John Lewis (boy with hat) 12 years old. 1 year in mill. Weaver--4 looms. 40 cts. to start, 60 cents a day now. Brother and mother in mill. Morris Small (boy with cap) "Reckon I been in mill 2 yrs. Don't remember." Witness S.R. Hine. Location: Chester, South Carolina

John Lewis (boy with hat) 12 years old. 1 year in mill. Weaver--4 loom...

Title from NCLC caption card. Attribution to Hine based on provenance. In album: Mills. Hine no. 331. Credit line: National Child Labor Committee collection, Library of Congress, Prints and Photographs Division... More

Harry, a Cincinnati boy of 18 years, who attends school and earns $.25 daily, carrying bundles. Location: Cincinnati, Ohio

Harry, a Cincinnati boy of 18 years, who attends school and earns $.25...

Title from NCLC caption card. Attribution to Hine based on provenance. In album: Street trades. Hine no. 26. Credit line: National Child Labor Committee collection, Library of Congress, Prints and Photographs D... More

This is where the mill children go to school. Lancaster, S.C. Enrollment 163-- attendance, usually about 100. There are over 1,000 operatives in the mill. These are all that go to school from this mill settlement, which is geographically a part of Lancaster, but on account of the taxes has been kept just out of the corporate limits. Nov. 30/08.  Location: Lancaster, South Carolina / Photo by Lewis W. Hine.

This is where the mill children go to school. Lancaster, S.C. Enrollme...

Picryl description: Public domain photograph of child, child labor, farmer, early 20th-century farm, free to use, no copyright restrictions.

A Western Union Messenger Boy Leaving Office. Cincinnati. Location: Cincinnati, Ohio

A Western Union Messenger Boy Leaving Office. Cincinnati. Location: Ci...

Title from NCLC caption card. Attribution to Hine based on provenance. In album: Street trades. Hine no. 30. Credit line: National Child Labor Committee collection, Library of Congress, Prints and Photographs D... More

A Glimpse from the Outside into The World Furniture Co., Evansville, Ind. During working hours. Location: Evansville, Indiana

A Glimpse from the Outside into The World Furniture Co., Evansville, I...

Title from NCLC caption card. Attribution to Hine based on provenance. In album: Miscellaneous. Hine no. 199. Credit line: National Child Labor Committee collection, Library of Congress, Prints and Photographs ... More

National Child Labor Committee, #200. S. W. Brown Mfg. Co., Evansville, Ind. Location: Evansville, Indiana

National Child Labor Committee, #200. S. W. Brown Mfg. Co., Evansville...

Title from NCLC caption card. Attribution to Hine based on provenance. In album: Miscellaneous. Hine no. 200. Credit line: National Child Labor Committee collection, Library of Congress, Prints and Photographs ... More

Noon Hour in an Indianapolis Furniture Factory. Aug. 1908. Wit. E.N. Clopper. Location: Indianapolis, Indiana

Noon Hour in an Indianapolis Furniture Factory. Aug. 1908. Wit. E.N. C...

Title from NCLC caption card. Attribution to Hine based on provenance. In album: Mills. Hine no. 63. Credit line: National Child Labor Committee collection, Library of Congress, Prints and Photographs Division.... More

Interior of Kesler Mfg. Co., Salisbury, N.C. Location: Salisbury, North Carolina

Interior of Kesler Mfg. Co., Salisbury, N.C. Location: Salisbury, Nort...

Title from NCLC caption card. Attribution to Hine based on provenance. In album: Mills. Hine no. 426. Credit line: National Child Labor Committee collection, Library of Congress, Prints and Photographs Division... More

A Basket Factory, Evansville, Indiana. Boy Making Melon Baskets. Location: Evansville, Indiana

A Basket Factory, Evansville, Indiana. Boy Making Melon Baskets. Locat...

Title from NCLC caption card. Attribution to Hine based on provenance. In album: Miscellaneous. Hine no. 209. Credit line: National Child Labor Committee collection, Library of Congress, Prints and Photographs ... More

Boy Working at the Saw, N.Y. Dimension Supply Co., Evansville, Ind. Location: Evansville, Indiana

Boy Working at the Saw, N.Y. Dimension Supply Co., Evansville, Ind. Lo...

Title from NCLC caption card. Attribution to Hine based on provenance. In album: Miscellaneous. Hine no. 196. Credit line: National Child Labor Committee collection, Library of Congress, Prints and Photographs ... More

Noon hour, Lancaster Cotton Mills, S.C. Location: Lancaster, South Carolina

Noon hour, Lancaster Cotton Mills, S.C. Location: Lancaster, South Car...

Title from NCLC caption card. Attribution to Hine based on provenance. In album: Mills. Hine no. 351. Credit line: National Child Labor Committee collection, Library of Congress, Prints and Photographs Division... More

T. A. Wright, Supt. of the Whitnell [sic?] (N.C.) Cotton Mfg. Co. A typical boss,--except hat he was less gruff and suspicious than most. Began mill work at 10 years old. Been at it 18 years. I asked him if he excepts to send his own children to work in the mill. He smiled grimly, " Not if I keep my health, They're going to get an education." He said parents are responsible for so many children in the mills. Father loafs just as soon as children get old enough to work. Dec. 22, 08.  Location: Whitnel, North Carolina / Photo by Lewis W. Hine.

T. A. Wright, Supt. of the Whitnell [sic?] (N.C.) Cotton Mfg. Co. A ty...

Picryl description: Public domain image of child labor, exploitation, children workers, economic conditions, free to use, no copyright restrictions.

Lancaster (S.C.) Cotton Mills, Wesley Strand (with gun). Has been in mill 1 year. Been sick lately. Rochel Stokes. In mill 1 year. Said he had trouble and quit. Location: Lancaster, South Carolina

Lancaster (S.C.) Cotton Mills, Wesley Strand (with gun). Has been in m...

Title from NCLC caption card. Attribution to Hine based on provenance. In album: Mills. Hine no. 343. Credit line: National Child Labor Committee collection, Library of Congress, Prints and Photographs Division... More

Night shift at Glass Works, Grafton, West Virginia. 11:30 P.M. Going to work after 1 hour recess. (see label on #162.) Location: Grafton, West Virginia

Night shift at Glass Works, Grafton, West Virginia. 11:30 P.M. Going t...

Title from NCLC caption card. Attribution to Hine based on provenance. In album: Glass factories. Hine no. 160. Credit line: National Child Labor Committee collection, Library of Congress, Prints and Photograph... More

Dillon Mills, Dillon, S.C. Largest--Minnie Bass, a winder. Couldn't spell her own name. Emettie Bass--Spins. Jane Bass--Spins. All have been in mill 3 years. Location: Dillon, South Carolina

Dillon Mills, Dillon, S.C. Largest--Minnie Bass, a winder. Couldn't sp...

Title from NCLC caption card. Attribution to Hine based on provenance. In album: Mills. Hine no. 402. Credit line: National Child Labor Committee collection, Library of Congress, Prints and Photographs Division... More

Mill folks, Salisbury Mills, (N.C.)  Location: Salisbury, North Carolina / Photo by Lewis W. Hine.

Mill folks, Salisbury Mills, (N.C.) Location: Salisbury, North Caroli...

Picryl description: Public domain image of children, kids, free to use, no copyright restrictions.

Maple Mills, Dillon, S.C. Lonnie Baker (tallest). Has doffed 4 years. Gets 40 cents a day. Bertie Baser--10 years old. 3 years in mill. Runs 3 sides = 30 cents a day. Location: Dillon, South Carolina

Maple Mills, Dillon, S.C. Lonnie Baker (tallest). Has doffed 4 years. ...

Title from NCLC caption card. Attribution to Hine based on provenance. In album: Mills. Hine no. 392. Credit line: National Child Labor Committee collection, Library of Congress, Prints and Photographs Division... More

Dickson Mills, Laurinburg, N.C. Eddie Williamson (taller). Been in mill 3 years. John Eliot--Been in mill 7 years. Witness, S.R. Hine. Location: Laurinburg, North Carolina

Dickson Mills, Laurinburg, N.C. Eddie Williamson (taller). Been in mil...

Title from NCLC caption card. Attribution to Hine based on provenance. In album: Mills. Hine no. 413. Credit line: National Child Labor Committee collection, Library of Congress, Prints and Photographs Division... More

Maple Mill, Dillon, S.C. Jasper Prevatt (smallest). Has doffed 3 years. Ben--Runs 3 sides. In mill 4 years. Lillian (next) Winds--In mill 8 years. Blennie (next). Bertha--winds. In mill 8 years. Location: Dillon, South Carolina

Maple Mill, Dillon, S.C. Jasper Prevatt (smallest). Has doffed 3 years...

Title from NCLC caption card. Attribution to Hine based on provenance. In album: Mills. Hine no. 393. Credit line: National Child Labor Committee collection, Library of Congress, Prints and Photographs Division... More

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