visibility Similar

Perseus B Parked on Ramp. Public domain image of NASA aircraft.

NASA #801 and NASA 7 on ramp. Public domain image of NASA aircraft.

NASA NASA LEARJET - Glenn Research Center History

CAPE CANAVERAL, Fla. – Painted graphics line the side of NASA 905 depicting the various ferry flights the Shuttle Carrier Aircraft has supported during the Space Shuttle Program, including the tests using the space shuttle prototype Enterprise. The aircraft, known as an SCA, is at Kennedy to prepare for shuttle Discovery’s ferry flight to the Washington Dulles International Airport in Sterling, Va., on April 17. The SCA is a modified Boeing 747 jet airliner, originally manufactured for commercial use. One of two SCAs employed over the course of the Space Shuttle Program, NASA 905 is assigned to the remaining ferry missions, delivering the shuttles to their permanent public display sites. NASA 911 was decommissioned at the NASA Dryden Flight Research Center in California in February. Discovery will be placed on permanent public display in the Smithsonian's National Air and Space Museum Steven F. Udvar-Hazy Center in Chantilly, Va. For more information on the SCA, visit For more information on shuttle transition and retirement activities, visit Photo credit: NASA/Ben Smegelsky KSC-2012-2037

SOFIA (Stratospheric Ovservatory for Infrared Astronomy) visit to Ames Research Center, Moffett Field, CA: landing and taxi to tower ARC-2008-ACD08-0005-020

STS-68 Landing at Edwards. Public domain image of NASA aircraft.

Senior Master Sgt. Felix Moya, a loadmaster assigned

The Otto Struve Telescope at McDonald Observatory, an astronomical observatory located near the unincorporated community of Fort Davis in Jeff Davis County, Texas

60-inch Dees "ready to go in," March 1939. Photo taken February 1, 1940. Principal Investigator/Project: Analog Conversion Project [Photographer: Donald Cooksey]

code Related

X-43A Hypersonic Experimental Vehicle - Artist Concept in Flight



An artist's conception of the X-43A Hypersonic Experimental Vehicle, or "Hyper-X" in flight. The X-43A was developed to flight test a dual-mode ramjet/scramjet propulsion system at speeds from Mach 7 up to Mach 10 (7 to 10 times the speed of sound, which varies with temperature and altitude). Hyper-X, the flight vehicle for which is designated as X-43A, is an experimental flight-research program seeking to demonstrate airframe-integrated, "air-breathing" engine technologies that promise to increase payload capacity for future vehicles, including hypersonic aircraft (faster than Mach 5) and reusable space launchers. This multiyear program is currently underway at NASA Dryden Flight Research Center, Edwards, California. The Hyper-X schedule calls for its first flight later this year (2000). Hyper-X is a joint program, with Dryden sharing responsibility with NASA's Langley Research Center, Hampton, Virginia. Dryden's primary role is to fly three unpiloted X-43A research vehicles to validate engine technologies and hypersonic design tools as well as the hypersonic test facility at Langley. Langley manages the program and leads the technology development effort. The Hyper-X Program seeks to significantly expand the speed boundaries of air-breathing propulsion by being the first aircraft to demonstrate an airframe-integrated, scramjet-powered free flight. Scramjets (supersonic-combustion ramjets) are ramjet engines in which the airflow through the whole engine remains supersonic. Scramjet technology is challenging because only limited testing can be performed in ground facilities. Long duration, full-scale testing requires flight research. Scramjet engines are air-breathing, capturing their oxygen from the atmosphere. Current spacecraft, such as the Space Shuttle, are rocket powered, so they must carry both fuel and oxygen for propulsion. Scramjet technology-based vehicles need to carry only fuel. By eliminating the need to carry oxygen, future hypersonic vehicles will be able to carry heavier payloads. Another unique aspect of the X-43A vehicle is the airframe integration. The body of the vehicle itself forms critical elements of the engine. The forebody acts as part of the intake for airflow and the aft section serves as the nozzle. The X-43A vehicles were manufactured by Micro Craft, Inc., Tullahoma, Tennessee. Orbital Sciences Corporation, Chandler, Arizona, built the Pegasus rocket booster used to launch the X-43 vehicles. For the Dryden research flights, the Pegasus rocket booster and attached X-43 will be air launched by Dryden's B-52 "Mothership." After release from the B-52, the booster will accelerate the X-43A vehicle to the established test conditions (Mach 7 to 10) at an altitude of approximately 100,000 feet where the X-43 will separate from the booster and fly under its own power and preprogrammed control.

NASA Identifier: NIX-ED99-45243-01



nasa nasaimageexchangecollection x 43 a hypersonic experimental vehicle artist concept in flight dvids langley air force base rocket engines rocket technology




Defense Visual Information Distribution Service


Copyright info

Public Domain Dedication. Public Use Notice of Limitations:

label_outline Explore Langley Air Force Base, Rocket Engines, Rocket Technology

Aircraft thrust reverser doors await installation to

Alumni of Leadership Pittsburgh Inc. programs talk

A Vietnam Security Police Association member takes

An E-3 Sentry assigned to the 962nd Airborne Air Control

U.S. Air Force Airmen assigned to the 380th Expeditionary

STS057-84-007 - STS-057 - DSO 1210 - Low and Wisoff perform an EVA during STS-57

S46-102-003 - STS-046 - A view of the deployment of the EURECA-1L from the Aft Crew Station

STS082-377-010 - STS-082 - Flight deck documentation during STS-82 mission

ARES soaring over Mars. NASA public domain image colelction.

VANDENBERG AIR FORCE BASE, Calif. – A worker is stationed on the transporter carrying the first stage of the United Launch Alliance Delta II rocket for NASA's Soil Moisture Active Passive mission, or SMAP, from the Building 836 hangar to the Horizontal Processing Facility at Space Launch Complex 2 on Vandenberg Air Force Base in California. SMAP will provide global measurements of soil moisture and its freeze/thaw state. These measurements will be used to enhance understanding of processes that link the water, energy and carbon cycles, and to extend the capabilities of weather and climate prediction models. SMAP data also will be used to quantify net carbon flux in boreal landscapes and to develop improved flood prediction and drought monitoring capabilities. Launch is scheduled for November 2014. To learn more about SMAP, visit Photo credit: NASA/Randy Beaudoin KSC-2014-3287

CAPE CANAVERAL, Fla. – Inside the Payload Hazardous Servicing Facility at NASA's Kennedy Space Center in Florida, engineers and technicians encapsulate the Mars Atmosphere and Volatile Evolution, or MAVEN, spacecraft inside its payload fairing. MAVEN is being prepared for its scheduled launch on Nov 18, 2013 from Cape Canaveral Air Force Station, Fla. atop a United Launch Alliance Atlas V rocket. Positioned in an orbit above the Red Planet, MAVEN will study the upper atmosphere of Mars in unprecedented detail. For more information, visit: Photo credit: NASA/Kim Shiflett KSC-2013-3835

MOJAVE DESERT, Calif. – In the Mojave Desert in California, a student checks out the Garvey Spacecraft Corporation's Prospector P-18D rocket scheduled for launch June 15 with the RUBICS-1 payload on a high-altitude, suborbital flight. The rocket will carry four satellites made from four-inch cube section. Collectively known as CubeSats, the satellites will record shock, vibrations and heat inside the rocket. They will not be released during the test flight, but the results will be used to prove or strengthen their designs before they are carried into orbit in 2014 on a much larger rocket. A new, lightweight carrier is also being tested for use on future missions to deploy the small spacecraft. The flight also is being watched closely as a model for trying out new or off-the-shelf technologies quickly before putting them in the pipeline for use on NASA's largest launchers. Built by several different organizations, including a university, a NASA field center and a high school, the spacecraft are four-inch cubes designed to fly on their own eventually, but will remain firmly attached to the rocket during the upcoming mission. For more information, visit Photo credit: NASA/Dimitri Gerondidakis KSC-2013-2748


nasa nasaimageexchangecollection x 43 a hypersonic experimental vehicle artist concept in flight dvids langley air force base rocket engines rocket technology