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KENNEDY SPACE CENTER, FLA. -- In the Multi-Purpose Processing Facility, the Pegasus XL launch vehicle is ready to be moved toward the Solar Radiation and Climate Experiment (SORCE) satellite in front of it. Built by Orbital Sciences Corporation (OSC), SORCE will study and measure solar irradiance as a source of energy in the Earth's atmosphere. The launch of SORCE is scheduled for Jan. 25 at 3:14 p.m. from Cape Canaveral Air Force Station, Fla. The drop of the Pegasus will be from OSC's L-1011 aircraft at an altitude of 39,000 feet over the Atlantic Ocean approximately 100 miles east-southeast of Cape Canaveral. KSC-03pd0165

STS-130 - Public domain NASA photogrpaph

Space Shuttle Atlantis, STS-122 - EOM

KENNEDY SPACE CENTER, FLA. -- The orbiter Endeavour, riding atop the 747 Shuttle Carrier Aircraft (SCA), landed at KSC's Shuttle Landing Facility at about 9:44 a.m. today, completing its cross-country ferry flight from Palmdale, Calif. Endeavour departed Palmdale at about 9 a.m. EST March 26 and stopped briefly for fuel at Ft. Worth Naval Air Station, Texas. The vehicle then proceeded to Warner Robbins Air Force Base, Ga., where it stayed overnight last night before departing for KSC this morning. Endeavour will be removed from the SCA today and transported to Orbiter Processing Facility bay 1 early tomorrow morning KSC-97pc551

A space shuttle is about to land on the runway. Space shuttle discovery landing.

Space shuttle Shuttle flyover. NASA public domain image colelction.

CAPE CANAVERAL, Fla. – The space shuttle Atlantis arrives at Space Florida's Exploration Park where it will pause during its 10-mile journey to the Kennedy Space Center Visitor Complex. The stop will provide a viewing opportunity for guests before completing the trip to its new home. As part of transition and retirement of the Space Shuttle Program, Atlantis is to be displayed at Kennedy's Visitor Complex beginning in the summer of 2013. Over the course of its 26-year career, Atlantis traveled 125,935,769 miles during 307 days in space over 33 missions. For more information, visit Photo credit: NASA/ Jim Grossmann KSC-2012-6068

KENNEDY SPACE CENTER, Fla. -- Completing mission STS-105, orbiter Discovery and its crew drop through scattered clouds to land on KSC's Shuttle Landing Facility runway 15. Discovery trails its drag chute that helps slow the orbiter. Main gear touchdown was at 2:22:58 p.m. EDT, wheel stop at 2:24:06 p.m. EDT. The 11-day, 21-hour, 12-minute mission accomplished the goals set for the 11th flight to the International Space Station: swapout of the resident Station crew, delivery of equipment supplies and scientific experiments, and installation of the Early Ammonia Servicer and heater cables for the S0 truss on the Station. Discovery traveled 4.3 million miles on its 30th flight into space, the 106th mission of the Space Shuttle program. The landing was the first out of five in 2001to occur in daylight at KSC KSC01padig272

STS-120 landing, NASA Space Shuttle Landing Facility

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Shuttle Enterprise Mated to 747 SCA on Ramp



The Space Shuttle Enterprise, the nation's prototype space shuttle orbiter, before departing NASA's Dryden Flight Research Center, Edwards, California, at 11:00 a.m., 16 May 1983, on the first leg of its trek to the Paris Air Show at Le Bourget Airport, Paris, France. Seen here atop the huge 747 Shuttle Carrier Aircraft (SCA), the first stop for the Enterprise was Peterson AFB, Colorado Springs, Colorado. Piloting the 747 on the Europe trip were Joe Algranti, Johnson Space Center Chief Pilot, Astronaut Dick Scobee, and NASA Dryden Chief Pilot Tom McMurtry. Flight engineers for that portion of the flight were Dryden's Ray Young and Johnson Space Center's Skip Guidry. The Enterprise, named after the spacecraft of Star Trek fame, was originally carried and launched by the 747 during the Approach and Landing Tests (ALT) at Dryden Flight Research Center. Space Shuttles are the main element of America's Space Transportation System and are used for space research and other space applications. The shuttles are the first vehicles capable of being launched into space and returning to Earth on a routine basis. Space Shuttles are used as orbiting laboratories in which scientists and mission specialists conduct a wide variety of scientific experiments. Crews aboard shuttles place satellites in orbit, rendezvous with satellites to carry out repair missions and return them to space, and retrieve satellites and return them to Earth for refurbishment and reuse. Space Shuttles are true aerospace vehicles. They leave Earth and its atmosphere under rocket power provided by three liquid-propellant main engines with two solid-propellant boosters attached plus an external liquid-fuel tank. After their orbital missions, they streak back through the atmosphere and land like airplanes. The returning shuttles, however, land like gliders, without power and on runways. Other rockets can place heavy payloads into orbit, but, they can only be used once. Space Shuttles are designed to be continually reused. When Space Shuttles are used to transport complete scientific laboratories into space, the laboratories remain inside the payload bay throughout the mission. They are then removed after the Space Shuttle returns to Earth and can be reused on future flights. Some of these orbital laboratories, like the Spacelab, provide facilities for several specialists to conduct experiments in such fields as medicine, astronomy, and materials manufacturing. Some types of satellites deployed by Space Shuttles include those involved in environmental and resources protection, astronomy, weather forecasting, navigation, oceanographic studies, and other scientific fields. The Space Shuttles can also launch spacecraft into orbits higher than the Shuttle's altitude limit through the use of Inertial Upper Stage (IUS) propulsion units. After release from the Space Shuttle payload bay, the IUS is ignited to carry the spacecraft into deep space. The Space Shuttles are also being used to carry elements of the International Space Station into space where they are assembled in orbit. The Space Shuttles were built by Rockwell International's Space Transportation Systems Division, Downey, California. Rockwell's Rocketdyne Division (now part of Boeing) builds the three main engines, and Thiokol, Brigham City, Utah, makes the solid rocket booster motors. Martin Marietta Corporation (now Lockheed Martin), New Orleans, Louisiana, makes the external tanks. Each orbiter (Space Shuttle) is 121 feet long, has a wingspan of 78 feet, and a height of 57 feet. The Space Shuttle is approximately the size of a DC-9 commercial airliner and can carry a payload of 65,000 pounds into orbit. The payload bay is 60 feet long and 15 feet in diameter. Each main engine is capable of producing a sea level thrust of 375,000 pounds and a vacuum (orbital) thrust of 470,000 pounds. The engines burn a mixture of liquid oxygen and liquid hydrogen. In orbit, the Space Shuttles circle the earth at a speed of 17,500 miles per hour with each orbit taking about 90 minutes. A Space Shuttle crew sees a sunrise or sunset every 45 minutes. When Space Shuttle flights began in April 1981, Dryden Flight Research Center, Edwards, California, was the primary landing site for the Shuttles. Now Kennedy Space Center, Florida, is the primary landing site with Dryden remaining as the principal alternate landing site.

NASA Identifier: NIX-ECN-24301



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Space shuttle SPACE SHUTTLE, NASA Technology Images

SOFIA. NASA public domain image colelction.

3-D hypersonic inlet model. Public domain image of NASA aircraft.

94th Expeditionary Fighter Squadron Lockheed Martin F-22 "Raptor's" Demonstrate Combat Agility

An F-35C Lightning II carrier variant joint strike

Lockheed Martin/Sikorsky X2 Technology Demonstrator

Pre-Flight Check Out of Lockheed Martin S-3B Viking Aircraft #N601NA in preparation for the Lake Erie Algal Bloom Flight Campaign GRC-2014-C-03707

CAPE CANAVERAL, Fla. – Space shuttle Discovery rolls into position beneath the mate-demate device, or MDD, at the Shuttle Landing Facility, or SLF, at NASA’s Kennedy Space Center in Florida. A tail cone has been installed over its three replica shuttle main engines to reduce aerodynamic drag and turbulence during its upcoming ferry flight. The MDD is a large gantry-like steel structure used to hoist a shuttle off the ground and position it onto the back of a Shuttle Carrier Aircraft, or SCA. The SCA is a Boeing 747 jet, originally manufactured for commercial use, which was modified by NASA to transport the shuttles between destinations on Earth. The SCA designated NASA 905 is assigned to the remaining ferry missions, delivering the shuttles to their permanent public display sites. Discovery’s new home will be the Smithsonian's National Air and Space Museum Steven F. Udvar-Hazy Center in Chantilly, Va. For more information on the SCA, visit For more information on shuttle transition and retirement activities, visit Photo credit: NASA/Dimitri Gerondidakis KSC-2012-2105

An air-to-air right side view of an E-4B Advanced Airborne Command Post (AABNCP) aircraft

A close-up left front view of a prototype YF-22 Advanced Tactical Fighter (ATF) aircraft

U.S. Sailors and Israeli Soldiers train together in

STS-52 Columbia, Orbiter Vehicle (OV) 102, lands on runway 33 at KSC SLF


nasa nasaimageexchangecollection shuttle enterprise mated to 747 sca on ramp dvids manufacturing astronauts space shuttle public domain aircraft photos lockheed martin aircrafts boeing aircrafts experimental aircraft dryden flight research center california