Casse-gueule fédéré (NAPOLEON 95)
The artist criticizes the support of the fédérés (Parisian revolutionary ruffians) for Napoleon during the Hundred Days. The ruffian grabs an aristocrat by the collar and threatens him with a club if he doesn't express support for Napoleon. When Napoleon left for Elba, he told his supporters he would return in the season of violets. From that time on, they referred to him as "Le père Violette" and would often lift their glasses in a toast.Reference source: Clerc #95.
Geographic coverage: France
Subjects (LCSH): Political cartoons; History--Caricatures & cartoons; Napoleon I, Emperor of the French, 1769-1821; Napoleonic Wars, 1800-1815; Revolutionaries--France; Revolutionaries in art--France